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Wageningen University (2009)

Conservancy an arena of power struggle : a case study of Uukwaluudhi conservancy in Namibia

Kashululu, R.-M.P.

Titre : Conservancy an arena of power struggle : a case study of Uukwaluudhi conservancy in Namibia

Auteur : Kashululu, R.-M.P.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2009

Résumé
Namibia developed a new Policy on Wildlife Management, Utilization and Tourism in Communal Areas and The Nature Conservation Amendment Act of 1996. The intent of the policy is to enable rural communities to gain the same rights of use and benefit from wildlife as commercial farmers and to gain rights over tourism concessions by forming a management institution called conservancy under a CBNRM programme. Namibia’s CBNRM programme is widely regarded as one of Africa’s most successful new conservation initiatives. It allows residents of communal lands-basically poor, black people who were previously denied access to benefit from wildlife by the apartheid system to share in the proceeds generated by wildlife utilization on their lands. This paper examines the extent to which the conservancy has devolved ownership to communities in the Uukwaluudhi conservancy. A key process that is addressed here and which emanates from the work of Agrawal (2005) is environmentality which examines whether and how governments conservancy policies manage disciplining people by promoting and creating environmental subjects.. Secondly the paper seeks to establish the extent to which the benefits generated have made wildlife a part of local people economy and not just benefiting the elites. This thesis then also addresses the problem of community, in particular what constitutes community in present day Namibia in the context of conservancies.

Mots clés : development studies / wildlife management / wildlife conservation / rural communities / rural areas / environmental policy / common lands / africa south of sahara / namibia

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Page publiée le 17 mars 2015, mise à jour le 16 octobre 2018