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Wageningen University (2009)

Gender in development thinking : the case study of ICRISAT’s development initiatives for female sorghum producers in Mali

Broek, E. van den

Titre : Gender in development thinking : the case study of ICRISAT’s development initiatives for female sorghum producers in Mali

Auteur : Broek, E. van den

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2009

Résumé
Within rural Bambara and Malinké communities in Mali, the agricultural production system is marked by a very clear gender division of labor. Men are responsible for the grain production and their family’s food security on the family fields, while married women cultivate individual plots on which they grow sauce crops to complement the men’s grains. During the last decade more and more women have started to grow sorghum as well on their own fields. The mandate of ICRISAT (the International Research Institute for the SemiArid Tropics) in Mali is the improvement of sorghum and millet varieties. Since women have become sorghum producers as well, ICRISAT is seeking for ways to address women. This research report looks at ICRISAT’s strategies to improve the agricultural conditions of female sorghum producers in Mali. This thesis situates ICRISAT’s development approach to women in the broader context of the debate on women, gender and development. The different theoretical strands in this debate inspire practices of donor agencies and development organizations and have resulted in different types of development projects addressing women’s needs. This research explains the different ways in which women’s experiences in farming are being recognized and represented and how the different interventions that originate from this relate to and interact with the female beneficiaries of these development projects. The case study of ICRISAT’s approach to female sorghum producers in Mali serves as an example to show the mismatch between the objectives and outcomes of development projects and the complex realities of women’s everyday lives. A more considerate and sensitive research to the real needs and interests of women could lead to projects that are more beneficial for them.

Mots clés : development projects / agricultural production / agriculture / sorghum / men / women / rural women / mali / gender

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Page publiée le 17 mars 2015, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018