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Wageningen University (2012)

Assessing the development of Ethiopian National Spatial Data Infrastructure

Gemeda, D.O.

Titre : Assessing the development of Ethiopian National Spatial Data Infrastructure

Auteur : Gemeda, D.O.

Université de soutenance  : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2012

Descriptif
Spatial Data Infrastructure plays significant role for the development of a nation. It contributes to sustainable development of a country through facilitating spatial data sharing and utilization among all levels of stakeholders. Thus, conducting SDI assessment is essential to guide its development, to monitor and improve its quality and to provide evidence of accountability for all stakeholders. Knowledge of the development status of SDI of a country is crucial to increase the accountability and development of spatial data information. In Ethiopia, there are many governmental organizations that produce spatial data to fulfill the need of geo-information in various sectors. However, the overall development status of the SDI in Ethiopia is not well known. The objective of this study is to assess the development and milestones of Ethiopian National Spatial Data Infrastructure (ENSDI). The assessment of the status of ENSDI is done by using the four multi-view assessment framework approaches ; SDI-readiness, Modified state of play, Clearinghouse suitability index and Organizational approaches. The assessment of the milestones in the development of ENSDI is done using document analysis and interview with key stakeholders. Both assessment of status and milestones of the development of ENSDI involve questionnaire survey, interview and document analysis as data collection tool. Data analysis was done on the four assessment approach. The result of multi-view assessment shows that, shortage of digital data, lack of open-source data, lack of SDI awareness, and unavailability of environmental dataset policy are the major weak aspects of the ENSDI. Moreover, the technology components and data quality standards of the NSDI are very low. This is mainly due to lack of awareness among stakeholders on ESDI, low technological development, human capital, SDI culture, shortage of digital data and poor coordination of various institution in data production and exchange. On the other hand, clear mission and vision, collaboration with International donors are strong aspects of the NSDI. The major milestones that initiated NSDI development in Ethiopia are the establishment of GIS education, ENRAMED database, National Clearinghouse, GIS Society of Ethiopia and Ethiopian Geospatial Metadata Clearinghouse Node. The research identifies awareness creation for SDI, increasing ICT technology in the country, developing SDI curriculum in higher education, creation of open source data, converting analogue data to digital data, increasing cooperation of various institution in data sharing and provision, and developing data quality control procedures as the major areas of interest for NSDI secretariat to do.

Mots clés : geographical information systems / geodata / ethiopia

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