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Wageningen University (2009)

Lebanese waterways : strengthening IWRM through WUAs in irrigation schemes

Gharios, G.

Titre : Lebanese waterways : strengthening IWRM through WUAs in irrigation schemes

Auteur : Gharios, G.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2009

Résumé
In an increasingly thirsty region, Lebanon remains unique when it comes to what has been described as the most important natural resource of the 21st century : water. However, it is not able to exploit, develop and take advantage of its hydraulic resources due to the current water management framework. IWRM is a clear option for the Lebanese government in order to reorganize the water sector but the reforms that have been initiated since 2000 have been inefficient. The scope of this study is to analyze the impact of the implementation and functioning of WUAs in irrigation schemes on the strengthening process of IWRM in Lebanon. No one is actually effectively managing water in Lebanon but almost everyone is involved in the organization of the water sector. Understanding how historical events shaped the behavioral practices of managing water in Lebanon is crucial to analyze the performance of WUAs. Despite all kind of obstacles, initiatives came up to establish WUAs and their functioning are affecting positively their surrounding environment. However WUAs should be backed by the government who should first start by providing a legal basis for WUAs implementation.

Mots clés : water management / water resources / water policy / water supply / irrigation systems / irrigation water / lebanon / integrated water management

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Page publiée le 16 mars 2015, mise à jour le 13 octobre 2018