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Wageningen University (2012)

Targeting practices in safety net programs : a case of the PSNP of Gursum District, Somali Region, Eastern Ethiopia

Ismael, M.M. 

Titre : Targeting practices in safety net programs : a case of the PSNP of Gursum District, Somali Region, Eastern Ethiopia

Auteur : Ismael, M.M. 

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2012

Résumé
After decades of shocks, drought and emergency food appeals forced millions of Ethiopians to be dependant and chronically food insecure, the government with the help of Donors and development partners formulated a safety net program in 2005 as an alternative response to the crises. However, a number of challenges are faced in the implementation of the program. Poor targeting processes resulting in inclusion and exclusion errors was one of the problems. Such targeting errors may lead, respectively, to some people benefiting from the program whilst they are not the ones most in need, and on the other hand, people who are among the ones in dire need, being excluded from the benefit. Obviously, such targeting errors make these safety net programs less effective. Meanwhile the problem is extreme in the pastoral areas of the country like Somali region were both the physical and human capacity for the program implementation is limited. The main motivation for doing this research was to identify the most critical cause of the program targeting errors and provide insight to the regional policy makers and donors for future improvement. To achieve this, a case study was done in Gursum District of Somali Region, Eastern Ethiopia, to investigate and explore the major factors affecting the performance of the targeting by assessing the program targeting process. One member of staff from the regional level, 3 staffs at district and kebele level, 1 Development agent, 2 community leaders and 19 farmers were the source of information. Individual interviews as well as focus group discussions were carried out. A qualitative analysis method was used in this study. The result of the study revealed that the program targeting guidelines were largely implemented and great efforts were made by the local government bodies to do this properly. However, there were several factors affecting the targeting process in which the major ones include ; limited quota number, lack of reliable data, and lack of training and skilled manpower. Also, the advantages of participation and transparency that the community level targeting is supposed to demonstrate were not sufficient to guarantee a smooth targeting process. In short, even though the targeting process appeared to be working, the study concluded that several factors negatively affect the performance of the program. It was recommended that there is a need for a continuous training and backup at the local government bodies implementing the program at district, kebele and community levels including community awareness creation by the regional food security department.

Mots clés : food security / net program / objectives / target groups / development projects / program effectiveness / rural development / ethiopia

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