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Wageningen University (2011)

The effects of adopting improved wood stoves on the welfare of rural women : a case of Kibaha district in Tanzania

Bwenge, N.S.

Titre : The effects of adopting improved wood stoves on the welfare of rural women : a case of Kibaha district in Tanzania

Auteur : Bwenge, N.S.

Université de soutenance  : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
The adoption and continued use of improved stoves in the developing countries is of social, economic and environmental concern. It is estimates that, two billion people from developing countries still depend on traditional biomass such as wood, dung and crop residues for cooking and heating. However, the use of biomass fuels is dominated by traditional technologies which have negative impact to the social – economic well-being of the household, especially to women who expend large amount of their time and physical efforts to supply fuel wood for the household. Recent studies are increasingly showing that, the household indoor air pollution from the use of inefficient biomass stoves would lead to over 1.5 million premature death per year, over 4000 per day, by 2030. The dissemination of improved stoves in Tanzania like many other developing countries is therefore, perceived as instrumental in the efforts to combat the negative effects related to the use of traditional biomass stoves. The overall aim of this study was to contribute to the improvement of TaTEDO project by providing recommendations on the how the stove project can improve the welfare of rural women, so that the interventions can be replicated to other districts where women lack access to clean cooking energy Drawing on field work a case study strategy was employed to study the effects of adopting improved wood stoves on the welfare of rural women in Kibaha district, Tanzania. The study is based on primary data collected from 26 randomly selected stove users and 4 key informants. The respondents were interviewed using a topic list. At the field level the study finds that ; the improved wood stove project had contributed to the reduced fire wood consumption, reduced women’s work load, smoke emissions and improved the incomes of stove users and artisans. The study concludes that, the improved wood stove project have substantially improved the welfare of rural women in Kibaha district, although it would have done better if the community, TaTEDO, local government authorities and community based organization would had put efforts together to promote improved wood stoves to the majority of the population. However, the study recommends : TaTEDO should put more emphasis on research prior to deployment of any stove project, consider to mainstream gender issues for the purpose of sustainability of the project and make effective use of the already recruited help of community based organisation. The results from this study will be a useful contribution for TaTEDO, researchers, policy makers, NGOs and groups involved in promoting renewable energy technologies.

Mots clés : stoves / rural women / social welfare / indoor climate / innovation adoption / tanzania

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Page publiée le 21 février 2015, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018