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Wageningen University (2013)

Living landscape restoration : the common vision for the Hartland in the Baviaanskloof

Stokhof de Jong, J.

Titre : Living landscape restoration : the common vision for the Hartland in the Baviaanskloof

Auteur : Stokhof de Jong, J.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé partiel
CHAPTER 1 This thesis must be put in the global scale of an increasing human impact on the planet earth The growing demand for land to sustain the growing population and the welfare leads to conflicts in land use, environmental and social degradation. Landscape architecture can give a contribution in solving these conflicts in land use. Landscape architecture is both focusing on the landscape as well as the people living on and from that landscape integrating the social and natural sciences. With the landscape approach the landscape is seen as a system, taking into account the human influences on that system. The landscape approach can be used on the Baviaanskloof in the Eastern Cape, South Africa were land use practices led to the degradation of the catchment system. With the landscape approach not only the landscape can be restored but also the needs and dreams of the people living in the area can be fulfilled.
CHAPTER 2 People living in the Baviaanskloof need to participate in the research process to create sustainable land uses that are supported by and applicable for the people. Following the appreciative inquiry theory the research participants are seen as co-researchers and not as research subjects. Listening to what is willing to emerge becomes therefore important. The collaboration with the people of the Baviaanskloof together with information from experts and students collaboration in the PRESENCE network and observations will lead to alternative futures possibilities for the Baviaanskloof.
CHAPTER 3 Based on the Kleefman model the contemporary landscape of the Baviaanskloof is the result of interrelated social process that can be divided into a cultural, political and economic subsystem and interrelated natural processes that is consisting out of abiotic and biotic elements. These interrelations form the complexity of the Baviaanskloof landscape. However these interrelations are partly guiding for humans to change a landscape. Humans are creating a mental dimension and identify themselves with this landscape creating a preference for the landscape. The human preference for landscapes has an influence on the landscape processes. The inclusion of people’s perceptions, needs and dreams for the Baviaanskloof is therefore necessary.

Mots clés : landscape architecture / sustainable land use / integrated spatial planning policy / community participation / south africa

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Page publiée le 15 février 2015, mise à jour le 19 octobre 2018