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Wageningen University (2013)

Assessing the current livelihood status of the resettled San community : the case of Sustainable Livelihoods Project for Bravo Resettled Community in Kavango-west region, Namibia

Ndeilenga, P.

Titre : Assessing the current livelihood status of the resettled San community : the case of Sustainable Livelihoods Project for Bravo Resettled Community in Kavango-west region, Namibia

Auteur : Ndeilenga, P.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé
The question as to when are the group resettlement projects in Namibia going to be self-reliant in terms of food production, self-employment and income generating skills still remain. Bravo in Kavango-west of Namibia has been receiving financial and in-kind supports from the government for the last 23 years. As an exit strategy for custodian Ministry of Lands and Resettlement (MLR) to prepare the resettled San speaking community to become self-reliant an self-supportive as required by the Resettlement Policy. The MLR hired the services of an NGO named, Komeho Namibia Development Agency (KNDA) for the implementation of a developmental program titled Sustainable Livelihoods Project for Bravo Resettled Community (SLPBRC) for a period of 5 year covering July 2008 – June 2013. The focus of this study was to assess the current livelihood status of the San people at Bravo. To do this the study looked at the following ; livelihood assets, strategies, outcomes and, transforming structures and processes. The study is based on a case study approach. A combination of qualitative and quantitate methods including individual interviews, FGDs with men and women project beneficiaries, the key informant represented by the project coordinator of KNDA, observation and literature review by the researcher were used to collect primary and secondary data for analysis. First and foremost, the study findings shows that it is not easy to transform nomad San people who are traditionally hunters and gatherer into self-reliant resettled farmers. This transformation requires a lot of patient, dedication and commitment from both sides. Furthermore, it was found that despite the presence of various livelihood assets such farming implements and, abundant land and labour, water scarcity and inadequate funds are the two major impediments facing the settlement. They are contributing to the dormant of income generating activities such as brickmaking, bakery, beekeeping, rabbit farming, sewing and harvesting of natural resources devil claws amongst others. The study conclude that funds allocated for the five year exist period where not adequate for the execution of all planned activities. Agriculture in the community is directly related to the food availability and accessibility of the resettled San, thus the success of the harvests is vitally important. Moreover, the dilapidated water supply infrastructure made the project unproductive as without water agriculture cannot take place. Furthermore, the dependency syndrome of the San also contributes negative to the realization of the project objectives as some of the community members are not willing to contribute financially and/or in kind. Based on the above-mentioned findings, the following recommendations are presented for possible consideration by both the custodian MLR and KNDA : increase exit strategy budget allocation to ensure that all planned activities are executed. Adequate water and extension services provision should be the first pre-condition. The senior representatives from different line ministries and other institutions as represented in the Project Steering Committee should be regarded as a privilege and be encouraged to lobby through their structures for the provision of public goods and services to Bravo. Moreover, project beneficiaries should be encourage to work for themselves and be educated to become self-supporting and go away with the dependency syndrome. Practical capacity and human development related intervention incorporating social and life skills should be embarked on and integrated into all livelihood activities of the San beneficiaries.

Mots clés : livelihoods / livelihood strategies / sustainability / household income / food security / sustainable development / social sciences / namibia

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Page publiée le 15 février 2015, mise à jour le 17 octobre 2018