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Wageningen University (2013)

The impact of small ruminant diseases on food availability and accessibility of pastoral households in Ethiopia : the case of Liben District in Oromiya Region

Tulicha, A.Y.

Titre : The impact of small ruminant diseases on food availability and accessibility of pastoral households in Ethiopia : the case of Liben District in Oromiya Region

Auteur : Tulicha, A.Y.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé
This thesis studies the impact of small ruminant disease on food availability and accessibility of pastoral households in the Liben district of the Oromiya Regional State in Ethiopia. Case study approach was employed with focus group discussions, individual interviews (respondents, key informants and expert interviews) and participant observation. The researcher clustered the respondent into pastoral and agro-pastoral households to see the difference in the impact of sheep and goat diseases among the households and identify the elicited coping strategies in these categories. Both exploratory and topical participatory rural appraisal (PRA) tools such as social mapping, ranking, proportional piling, and income and expense trees were used to collect data. Recurrent loss of sheep and goats, milk reduction and loss of income from sheep and goat sales in the district was attributed to impacts of infectious sheep and goat diseases such as PPR, CCPP and Anthrax as well as parasitic disease like coenuorosis. These diseases substantially resulted in loss of the milk that the pastoral children rely during critical times of the year. Moreover, it also reduced the income that the household could get from the sale of the animals through limiting market access. Though the community has various coping strategies to lessen the impact of sheep and goats diseases, the impacts of the diseases were more significant in poor pastoral economy than the Agro-pastoral one. The diseases have a significant impact on the poorest segment of the population in reducing milk availability, killing individual animals and limiting market access. Key

Mots clés : pastoralism / peste-des-petits-ruminants virus / ruminants / animal diseases / cattle diseases / food / food security / food supply / ethiopia

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