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Wageningen University (2012)

Pastoralists and craftswomen groups in Mongolia : socio-economic viability of a chain network for handicraft production

Gungaa, M.

Titre : Pastoralists and craftswomen groups in Mongolia : socio-economic viability of a chain network for handicraft production

Auteur : Gungaa, M. 

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2012

Résumé partiel
The research was conducted in Altanbulag district (soum in Mongolian language) central province of Mongolia. The overall objective of the research is to study the socio-economic viability of a chain network operated by pastoralists and craftswomen groups for handicraft production. Such viability could become a production model for alternative income source in rural areas. The research found out what is the effectiveness and efficiency of the producer organisations (pastoralists groups and craftswomen groups). The research has been carried out through case studies with checklist questions and interviews among eighteen members of the POs including the pastoralists (men and women) and the craftswomen as well as ten other informants including chain actors, supporters, NGOs and donor projects. The Value Chain Analysis, Cost and Benefit Analysis and Gender Integrated Organisational Model methods have been used in order to gather data about the effectiveness and efficiency of the POs. A secondary data on the concepts of value chain, gender in value chain, producer organisation and cost and benefit, which are relevant to the research problem, was reviewed. The findings based on the practice were compared to the theoretical concepts. The findings showed that the POs are different with each other based on their geographic location (natural steppe area & soum centre), type of activity (animal husbandry & craft production), source of income (livestock & craft products) and status of women (married, divorced & widow). The POs are also different within each other : Some pastoralists groups are not only supplying unsorted wool to the traders but also processing it and making craft products. Some craftswomen groups have longer term plans than the others, who are working only for daily survival. It was also found that the POs have limited organisational capacity which is related to that they do not know how to organise themselves as a business oriented chain network, which is referring to their effectiveness. They also have limited business orientation which is related to that they do not realise the market requirements in terms of consistency in product quality and volume and, poor financial administration in cost and benefit analysis, which is referring to their efficiency. The findings also show that in general the importers in Europe are all positive and willing to obtain products from Mongolia. However, the buyers are reluctant to invest in development of new products due to uncertainties of the product design consistency and volume. Besides, the transport costs are relatively high and thus products are demanded to be very special in designs and quality.

Mots clés : pastoralism / manual work / women / women workers / agro-industrial chains / rural development / producer cooperatives / mongolia

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Page publiée le 14 février 2015, mise à jour le 14 octobre 2018