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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2013 → Smallholders’ strategies in response to contract farming programs in Chokwe, Mozambique : farmers’ reactions to the process of relocation of land and water access in the Chokwe irrigation system

Wageningen University (2013)

Smallholders’ strategies in response to contract farming programs in Chokwe, Mozambique : farmers’ reactions to the process of relocation of land and water access in the Chokwe irrigation system

Struijk, L.F. van der

Titre : Smallholders’ strategies in response to contract farming programs in Chokwe, Mozambique : farmers’ reactions to the process of relocation of land and water access in the Chokwe irrigation system

Auteur : Struijk, L.F. van der

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé
This thesis investigates the smallholder farmers’ access to land and water in the Chokwe Irrigation System (CIS) in Southern Mozambique, mediated through technology, capital (money) and social relations. In Chokwe a private rice processing company, owned by British investors (Moçfer Industrias Alimentares - MIA), is implementing contract farming programs since 2006. These programs are forcing farmers to change their access strategies in order to protect their way of living. More specifically the research examined the process of reallocation and or (re)distribution of land instigated by MIA’s Associated Producers (AP) contract farming programme from 2008 till 2011. During this period, individual farmers had to obtain at least eight hectare of land in a single location in order to be able to work with MIA, which has led to the displacement of maybe hundreds of smallholder farmers. MIA’s AP program was stopped after three years of unprofitable investment, and as result the company shifted to the so called Promotion and Commercialization of Rice (PCR) program, which does not have criteria for a minimum landholding size. However, the changed land distribution was maintained. In addition access to cash, fertilizer and mechanized land preparation through MIA was changed and farmers started looking for other ways to reach these inputs. Hence, MIA’s programs led to changes in how benefits from and for smallholder farmers are accessed. The adaptations in these lines of access (or mechanisms of access) are essential for smallholder to secure their landholding and their possibilities to continue to cultivate rice.

Mots clés : small farms / contract farming / land rights / water rights / irrigation / agricultural development / development programmes / land management / water management / mozambique

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Page publiée le 13 février 2015, mise à jour le 19 octobre 2018