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Wageningen University (2009)

Who connects to what ? : questioning the policy rationale of domestic water supply in Mozambique, Chimoio city

Bruijne, J.E. de

Titre : Who connects to what ? : questioning the policy rationale of domestic water supply in Mozambique, Chimoio city

Auteur : Bruijne, J.E. de

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2009

Descriptif
Since the launch of the Millennium Development Goals in 2000, donor and governmental investments on drinking water supply in developing countries have been booming. This thesis deals with the question whether in the case of Mozambique the policy rationale behind these investments connect to the water practices and water supply preferences of actual beneficiaries at the local scale. For this analysis a conceptual framework is applied that purposely does not evaluate domestic water supply on the basis coverage rates and financial sustainability, but focuses on assessing its effects on livelihoods and health conditions for the local actors involved. It does this by studying the physical environment of water supply, use and discharge in a socio-technical framework, which considers : 1) the type of water sources and technologies in use and their performance with regard to water quantity and quality ; 2) the variation in means of households to access water and water fetchers’ considerations in source selection ; and 3) the spatially-temporarily distributed aspects of water supply, use and discharge. Methodologically wise, a twofold strategy was applied. Academic literature, policy papers, project documents and media articles were consulted to understand the current discourses on domestic water supply in Mozambique and how they have evolved. These discursive perspectives were contrasted with fieldwork, consisting of GPS measurements, transect walks, observations, interviews and group discussions, on the ‘de facto’ water practices and water fetchers’ strategies in a typical bairro (township) of Chimoio city in central Mozambique.

Mots clés : water supply / drinking water / investment / health / sanitation / policy / mozambique

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Page publiée le 8 février 2015, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018