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Wageningen University (2011)

Effectiveness of irrigation association in irrigation water management and o&m of irrigation infrastructure : a case study of Afghani Canal, Shakardara, Kabul, and Khewa, Nanghrahar, Afghanistan

Ezzatullah

Titre : Effectiveness of irrigation association in irrigation water management and o&m of irrigation infrastructure : a case study of Afghani Canal, Shakardara, Kabul, and Khewa, Nanghrahar, Afghanistan

Auteur : Ezzatullah

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé partiel
The main objective of this research was to investigate the relative effectiveness of the Irrigation Association System in irrigation water management and O&M of irrigation infrastructure. In Afghanistan, the irrigation water is managed by community based traditional system commonly known as Mirab system. The Mirab system was promoted by Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock to Irrigation Association system. The objective of this promotion was to use irrigation water efficiently, carry out O&M of irrigation infrastructure in a better way and to ensure equity. The study was carried out in two areas ; Khewa district of (Nanghrahar Province) and in Shakardara district of (Kabul Province). In both the study areas the irrigation water management was done through a traditional water management system known as Mirab system. The Mirab systems of the above mentioned area were promoted to Irrigation Association system about one year ago by Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock OFWM-Project. The research investigated the relative effectiveness of Irrigation Association by studying various aspects of the old Mirab system and the new IA system. The research studied the organizational structure, social cohesion, equity issues, transparency, conflict resolution mechanism and resource generation of both the systems. The data collected from survey of 40 water users (20 water users per study year), group discussion with the Executive Committee and interview with the relative staff of supporting OFWM-Project. The data for Mirab System and Irrigation Association System was collected from the same interviewees in the same area. These interviewees were part of the Mirab system and they converted to Irrigation Association. The data collected from the survey was analyzed in SPSS and Excel, and the relative effectiveness of Irrigation Association was concluded. The results of the survey indicated that the selection procedure of Mirab (water master) is more democratic in IA system as compared with Mirab system. There was an active involvement of water users in Mirab selection. The duration of Mirab services varied in Mirab systems of the study areas. The service duration of Mirab in Danishmand village was 1-2 years while in Khewa district (Mian Canal) it was not specific. In the IA system the duration was also not specific and the Mirab could stay in his job as long as the water users are happy with him. The conflict resolution was carried out by community elders in Mirab system and the water users were quite happy with it and considered it transparent. The Executive Committee was responsible for the conflict resolution in IA system. The water allocation among the water users especially upstream and downstream in Mirab system was not equitable and the water users often use water illegally raising conflicts among them. While in the IA system the equity was gained to some extent by controlling the illegal water use. The water conflicts were reduced to almost negligible level.

Mots clés : irrigation / water management / water allocation / participation / program evaluation / afghanistan

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Page publiée le 7 février 2015, mise à jour le 13 octobre 2018