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Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → 2013 → Responses to the irrigation improvement project along Abo Moustafa canal, Egypt : an analysis of water users’ re-ordering of the sociotechnical water network

Wageningen University (2013)

Responses to the irrigation improvement project along Abo Moustafa canal, Egypt : an analysis of water users’ re-ordering of the sociotechnical water network

Bont, C. de

Titre : Responses to the irrigation improvement project along Abo Moustafa canal, Egypt : an analysis of water users’ re-ordering of the sociotechnical water network

Auteur : Bont, C. de

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé
This thesis analyses the re-ordering of the socio-technical water network along the Abo Moustafa canal, near Kafr el Sheikh, Egypt, after and during the implementation of the Irrigation Improvement Project (IIP). The IIP is an attempt at modernising irrigation systems in the Nile delta. Its most important features are replacing a multitude of pumps with one single lifting device per tertiary unit, replacing open tertiary canals with pipelines and setting up water user associations (WUAs). The thesis is based on three months of field work in Egypt, especially in two tertiary units along the Abo Moustafa canal, combining methods of observation, semi-structure interviews, GPS mapping, participatory mapping and EC measurements. Analysis relies on the concepts of re-ordering and appropriation, enabling an actor-oriented approach to the interventions of the IIP. The study shows how farmers have re-ordered their water network in an attempt to create a better ‘fit’ between the technology imposed by IIP and their own modes of ordering. Pumping stations have been appropriated to increase their pumping capacity ; WUAs are replaced by a multitude of institutions ; and farmers are using drainage water through individually operated pumps for supplementary irrigation. The durable relations in this re-ordered network are those which fit best with the mode of ordering of independence and flexibility, and are geared towards dealing with the irregular water supply the mesqa is facing. While a system of low collective action and individually owned pumps is most tuned in to this, the social re-ordering and technical appropriation of the pumping station have partly secured the pumping station’s spot in the network. However, a large part of this durability is due to the fact that it would require high investment funds to remove the IIP infrastructure. Therefore it is likely that the water network in the case study mesqas will eventually return to a system of individual pumping.

Mots clés : irrigation / water management / modernization / improvement / appropriate technology / innovation adoption / farmers’ attitudes / egypt

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Page publiée le 5 février 2015, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018