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Wageningen University (2011)

Enhancing Afghan female farmers’ agricultural knowledge in Afghanistan : “agricultural radio programs responding to farmers’ needs” : Aybak District, Samangan Province - Afghanistan

Ayesha

Titre : Enhancing Afghan female farmers’ agricultural knowledge in Afghanistan : “agricultural radio programs responding to farmers’ needs” : Aybak District, Samangan Province - Afghanistan

Auteur : Ayesha

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
Women play significant roles in agriculture all over the world. Although women are directly involved in agriculture production activities their roles are not well recognized in the agricultural sector. Women have no or limited access to extension services. The social custom and work burden make them to have less contact with extension services or also could not receive the first hand information through male extension worker. Women are the major part of the Afghan society. They should not be neglected in the development process of the country. A large portion of Afghan women (70%) are involved in the agriculture sector of the country. However they are involved in this sector, but the lack of information hinders their development process and they do not have full access to the agriculture resources. The continuous civil wars made women to be back warded than men. In order to involve women in the development process and to update their knowledge in the agriculture sector, it needs to consider the importance of mediated communication in the enhancement of their agricultural knowledge. Radio is one of the most appropriate mass medium that rural population is familiar with because it transcends the illiteracy barriers and requires less intellectual exertion than any other media. The main objective of this research was to explore the contribution of media communication in rural areas where there is limited technical assistance available to female farmers. The conclusions and recommendations based on the findings of this study were presented to MAIL. The study was conducted in the Aybak district of Samangan province, located in the North of Afghanistan. The study found that radio is a valuable medium for women to get updated agricultural information through it, but the number of the programs which aired in the radio was not satisfactory due to its shortage in airing time and duration. The study also shows a great potential that radio is an effective medium to increase agricultural knowledge of female farmers. Most farmers have big desire to use radio in their daily life rather than any other mass mediums. By all means female farmers appreciated the agricultural radio programs and have big desire for the future broadcast in regards with some improvements that female farmers suggested. The importance of this study is for both female farmers and HLP radio communicators. This study does not outline to solve Afghan female farmers agricultural problems, but it gives insight to HLP about the importance of agricultural radio programs in enhancing Afghan female farmers’ agricultural knowledge. Also further research on mediated communication in the country is required to contribute in the development process of Afghan female farmers.

Mots clés : women workers / farm labour / farmers / women / agricultural extension / radio / broadcasting (mass media) / afghanistan

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Page publiée le 1er février 2015, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018