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Wageningen University (2011)

Community development council participation in rural water supply projects : study of three community development councils in Kabul Province of Afghanistan

Rafi, M. 

Titre : Community development council participation in rural water supply projects : study of three community development councils in Kabul Province of Afghanistan

Auteur : Rafi, M. 

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
Increasingly demand for safe drinking water in Afghanistan rural communities as well as achieving the goal of 100% access of rural community to potable water and sanitation facilities by 2020 which has set in Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) and Afghanistan Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Policy 2010 has bring the need for better engage of rural communities at decision- making in planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance and services delivery of water project for ensuring ownership and sustainability of water supply systems at community level. On that base, this research aims to contribute to the improvement of Community Development Councils (CDCs ) participation in rural water supply projects for enhancement of the rural communities’ access to safe drinking water. This qualitative study has performed in three selected villages in Farza district of Kabul province, Afghanistan. In this paper CDC participation in rural water supply project has defined and conceptualized as the process in which CDC as elected villages base institution has participation in decision- making for priority setting and initiation of project, design of project, physical and economical contribution in construction or implementation of project and being fully responsible for operation and maintenance of water supply project for proper functioning of project after it handed out to community. According to research conceptual framework and literature review, the study has assessed the concept of CDC participation under three dimension- wise stages including pre- construction stage, construction stage and post- construction stage of rural water supply project . The analysis of the findings of this research indicated that CDCs are self mobilized and they are directly involved at all stages of water supply project, but there are number of factors affecting CDC participation in rural water supply projects such as illiteracy of CDC chairpersons, poor participation of women in CDC, manipulation of CDC decisions by local commanders and/or chairperson of CDC , and lack of trainings for CDCs for improvement of their capacities - specifically about operation and maintenance of water supply projects . According to analysis of situation recommendations for improvement of CDC participation in rural water supply projects and suggestion for further study has provided at end of this study

Mots clés : water supply / drinking water / community involvement / community development / community programs / afghanistan

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Page publiée le 1er février 2015, mise à jour le 18 octobre 2018