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Wageningen University (2009)

A gender perspective on treadle pump profit making : a case study of treadle pump irrigation in IDE’s project areas Kafue and Kabwe, Zambia

Ingen-Housz, F.

Titre : A gender perspective on treadle pump profit making : a case study of treadle pump irrigation in IDE’s project areas Kafue and Kabwe, Zambia

Auteur : Ingen-Housz, F.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2009

Résumé
The treadle pump is designed as a tool to make small-scale irrigation accessible to poor rural households. A treadle pump is a simple, human powered device and can be manufactured and maintained at relatively low cost. In Zambia, where land is abundant and enough water is stored in shallow aquifers, the treadle pump seems to be a solution to provide poor farmers a more easy access to irrigation water and thereby improving the productivity and the livelihoods of smallholders. In Zambia, IDE is one of the development aid organizations promoting treadle pumps. In 2006 IDE started its project Rural Prosperity Initiative. Within this project, IDE tries to strengthen the linkages between irrigation development and poverty alleviation by helping smallholders becoming more effective market participants. Aim of the project is to increase the net annual income of 6000 rural smallholder families by at least $ 200 and to increase the net annual income of another 8000 rural smallholder families by $ 100. IDE beliefs the adoption of a treadle pump benefits all members of a household. However, considering gender, the introduction of new technologies may have differential impacts on the well-being of men and women. IDE was during my period of field research in Zambia seeking for ways to address gender issues in its RPI program. This research was conducted to find out which gender ideas of IDE Zambia inform its RPI project and their approaches for introducing treadle pumps in Zambian rural smallholder households. In addition, this study analyses how IDE’s ideas fit in the bigger context of gender and development. One of the more prominent findings of the study is that IDE’s view of a rural household and their market-based approach consolidate the existing gender roles in rural households and communities. IDE does not consider gender as an important structuring variable in transforming the RPI inputs into outputs and benefits and therefore seems not to reflect on its own role and influence on gender issues. Although it is not easy to determine which line of thought should be followed in order to reach the proposed project aims and be gender ‘friendly’ as well, it is recommended IDE defines better its own role and attitude versus the inclusion of both men and women in their RPI project.

Mots clés : pumps / piston pumps / irrigation / economic evaluation / zambia / case studies / gender

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Page publiée le 30 janvier 2015, mise à jour le 16 octobre 2018