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Wageningen University (2011)

An analysis of adoption of low cost drip irrigation kits in Zambia : a case study of IDE’s irrigation technology dissemination in Kafue and Kabwe areas

Magwenzi, K.

Titre : An analysis of adoption of low cost drip irrigation kits in Zambia : a case study of IDE’s irrigation technology dissemination in Kafue and Kabwe areas

Auteur : Magwenzi, K.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
In a bid to reduce poverty in some rural areas of Zambia, IDE Zambia had embarked on the Rural Prosperity Initiative (RPI) programme. The programme comprises of five segments, among which one of them is the supply of micro irrigation technologies. In this segment, the low cost drip irrigation kit was the technology which IDE Zambia promoted from the onset of the programme. The low cost drip kits were introduced to small scale farmers in the areas of Kafue and Kabwe but it was not certain whether the farmers had adopted the technology. So the research wanted to identify the adopters and non adopters of the technology and also determine the reasoning behind the adoption and non adoption. It also wanted to determine the influence of the technology on gender relations within households. A rapid rural appraisal technique which involved the Interviews and a focus group discussion was used to get the information from farmers. Also interviews with individuals from different organizations were an input together with observations in the field. One of the major findings of this research was that only a few farmers are consistently using the low cost drip kits. The major reason was that they had a complete set of the drip kit. The majority of the farmers are not using the drip kits and these include farmers with complete and incomplete drip kits. One of the reasons for non use is because they encountered a lot of technical problems when they used the drip kits. This can give an implication that farmers did not have enough knowledge on the operation and maintenance of the drip kits. Moreover they did not receive technical assistance in the initiation stage of drip kit use. The other main problem is that the farmers do not have enough money to fully invest in the technology which explains why most of them have incomplete drip kits. This leads to a conclusion that the farmers in general did not adopt the technology which made it difficult to determine its influence on gender relations within the households. Further research on the access and priority of use of finances within households is advisable. With this, one can get a good picture of the farmer’s values and interests which might influence the adoption of low cost drip kits or other technologies

Mots clés : irrigation / trickle irrigation / innovation adoption / technology transfer / zambia

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Page publiée le 30 janvier 2015, mise à jour le 16 octobre 2018