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Wageningen University (2012)

"You have to dig for the money in the soil" : a discourse analysis of low-cost irrigation technologies in rural Zambia

Borsboom, V.

Titre : "You have to dig for the money in the soil" : a discourse analysis of low-cost irrigation technologies in rural Zambia

Auteur : Borsboom, V.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2012

Résumé
This thesis presents a discourse analysis on low-cost irrigation technologies in Kafue district, Zambia, following an assignment by IDE to study technology adoption and gender relations. It is an ethnography as a result of three months of field work, based on the method of participant observation with formal and informal interviews. The discourse of the NGO International Development Enterprises is set against local discourses of vegetable farmers. IDE’s understanding of rural dwellers as potential entrepreneurs implies a homogeneous understanding of poor farmers, targeting a masculine type of farming. Neglecting diversity in discourses, understandings and social realities of local farmers in practice leads to selecting male rather than female farmers in the project intervention. At the level of implementation, it seems that the social realities of local farmers are crucial for the shape which the implementation is given. The discourses of the contact farmer, the intermediate between farmers and IDE, together with dynamics at the community level as well as the social relations of IDE’s field officer together construct the process of implementation. IDE’s individual approach to development neglects the important of dynamics on community level. It is suggested that for an intervention in rural development, it is important to understand the realities of local people, and take these into account in the design and implementation of the intervention.

Mots clés : irrigation / irrigation systems / cost benefit analysis / technology / rural development / zambia / africa / least developed countries / value systems

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Page publiée le 30 janvier 2015, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018