Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Pays Bas → Interlocking and distancing processes : an analysis of farmers’ interactions with introduced crop production technologies in Sauri Millennium Village, Kenya

Wageningen University (2014)

Interlocking and distancing processes : an analysis of farmers’ interactions with introduced crop production technologies in Sauri Millennium Village, Kenya

Kimanthi, H.V.

Titre : Interlocking and distancing processes : an analysis of farmers’ interactions with introduced crop production technologies in Sauri Millennium Village, Kenya

Auteur : Kimanthi, H.V.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2014

Descriptif
Planned development presumes a step by step progression from policy formulation, implementation through to the outcomes even though the projected futures from such developments may be different from the set objectives. Local people organise themselves differently to deal with changes that happen around them and their interactions with interventions shape the outcomes. The Millennium Villages Project (MVP) initiated in Sauri, in Siaya County in western Kenya, follows a similar trajectory of planned developments but it also tried to incorporate both top-down and bottom-up approaches. MVP introduced various crop production technologies such fertilizers, hybrid seeds and improved fallow technologies. Farmers were also exposed to formal organisational systems to facilitate access to credits and markets. This study analyses how farmers interact with the introduced technologies in Sauri. It also explores the mechanisms through which MVP operates to get farmers to adopt to new technologies in Sauri. Data collection and analysis were done qualitatively in addition to desk study of relevant materials. An actor oriented approach provided a framework for studying farmers’ responses to MVP crop production interventions. Examination of MVP’s operations in Sauri and the farmers’ responses reveals three processes : interlocking, reassembling and distancing. The project anticipated for only interlocking process to eradicate hunger by the year 2015. The processes of reassembling/redesigning and distancing, which are part of development, were ignored. Farmers interact with new technologies differently through the processes of reassembling and distancing. Some have interlocked through the following ways ; embracing the free gifts (inputs), optimization of economic benefits of the technologies, becoming lead/master farmers for other farmers to emulate, keeping close relations with those in good positions to acquire resources (inputs) and sticking to the new organisational structure for access to credit and markets. Other farmers have deviated from the ‘proper’ use of the technologies to mix them with their traditional practices, for instance, planting hybrid seeds in the traditional ways, using low quantities of fertilizers, making ‘own hybrid’ seeds or even using improved fallows as live fences. They re-assembled the new and traditional practices to make sense to them. On the other hand, some farmers have totally distanced from the formal organisational system as well as use of the introduced technologies for reasons such as financial and labour constraints and mismanagement and corruption within the system. They have ended up forming their own informal groups for production and marketing and/or reverted to traditional practices of crop production which makes use of the local resources. Despite that MVP succeeded in creating awareness about new crop production technologies in Sauri Millennium Village, the project will not amount to much as regards to eradication of hunger through high crop productivity. The local people engage with MVP through processes of interlocking, reassembling/ redesigning and distancing which has always been the case even with previous interventions. This proves that agrarian change is gradual and that technological change is not only a technical process, but socio-technical in nature.

Mots clés : crop production / farmers’ attitudes / innovation adoption / rural development / kenya

Présentation

Version intégrale (2 Mb)

Page publiée le 28 janvier 2015, mise à jour le 16 octobre 2018