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Wageningen University (2012)

Adoption of onion production package by smallholder farmers in the Dugda District in East Shoa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Bikila, M.Y.

Titre : Adoption of onion production package by smallholder farmers in the Dugda District in East Shoa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Auteur : Bikila, M.Y.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2012

Résumé
This research describes about Adoption of Onion Production Package by Smallholder Farmers in the Dugda District in East Shoa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. This package has been promoted by Ethiopian Agricultural Research Institute (EARI) through Melkasa Agricultural Research Institute (MARI) in collaboration with the Dugda District Agriculture Development Office (DADO). The EARI through MARI has conducted several onfarm demonstrations in collaboration with the DADO in order to promote onion production package in Dugda district since 1996. The package includes farm inputs such as improved onion seed, fertilizer and chemicals with full agronomic practices. In 2002, EARI reported that the average onion yield in the study area ranged between 17 and 20 tons per hectare, while the potential yield of improved onion was 40 tons per ha. This was mainly related to low adoption of onion production package. The objective of this research was to assess the reasons for low adoption of the recommended onion production package by farmers in the study area. The following three research questions were formulated to aid in achieving the objectives the study : 1) Are farmers willing to adopt the recommended package for onion production ? 2) Do farmers have the knowledge to use new technology packages of onion ? 3) Do farmers have the ability to use improved onion production package ? To find answers to the research questions, primary and secondary data collection was employed in the study area. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaires through individual interview, key informant interview and also direct observation. A total of 40 onion growing farmers (32 male and 8 female) were selected using random sampling technique for interview. To generate detailed information about the reasons for low adoption of onion production packages, six key informants were interviewed through a checklist with cooperative union leader, water association leader, agronomist, two extension workers and one peasant association leaders. Secondary data were collected through a desk study from different journals, books and internet about onion production package. The result of the study indicated that majority of farmers are used to the onion production package however they applied either above or below the research recommendation. These indicated the presence of the low adoption of onion production package in the study area. The researcher concluded that the reason for low adoption could be attributed to a number of factors : (1) farmers consider price of onion, market availability, yield, and requirement of inputs ; (2) the researcher consider only the production or yield per hectare ; (3) lack of certified seed supplier ; (4) shortage of storage facilities ; (5) lack of market outlet and lack of market information (price information) ; and (6) poor extension contact and credit services. The study underlined the high importance of institutional support in the areas of extension, credit and market to enhance adoption of onion production package. Moreover, it is important to revise the previous research recommendations by research centres.

Mots clés : agriculture / small farms / onions / bulbous vegetables / production / factors of production / farm inputs / ethiopia

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Page publiée le 28 janvier 2015, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2018