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Wageningen University (2009)

Gender issues in dairy goat keeping : a case for Murang’a district, Central Province, Kenya

Githae, N.M.

Titre : Gender issues in dairy goat keeping : a case for Murang’a district, Central Province, Kenya

Auteur : Githae, N.M. 

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2009

Résumé
Development programmes are initiated to improve the living standards of households, regions and also countries. The intended objectives of the programmes may be achieved but it has been observed that most development programs make assumptions which may limit the achievement of the intended objectives. The dairy goats project was started in Central province of Kenya by the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD) with the aim of giving the livestock farmers an alternative source of milk and incomes due to the fact that the declining land parcels were making dairy cattle keeping an unfeasible undertaking to most rural households. It is worth noting that, farmers in the province used to keep local indigenous goats alongside the dairy cattle. This study was thus carried out to analyse whether gender issues like labour division, access and control of resources and benefits were affected when the concerned farmers changed from keeping local goats to dairy goats. The other objective of the study was to assess whether gender needs analysis was done before or during implementation of the project. Primary data which was qualitative was collected using structured questionnaires which were subjected on men and women in dairy goats keeping households. The respondents were 13 men and 12 women who are husband and wife in13 households who shifted from local goats to dairy goats keeping. Information was also collected from 4 households (4 men and their 4 wives) who have not adopted the dairy goats and hence are still keeping local goats and this was done to compare the results. The study also involved three case studies where semi-structured interviews were conducted on staff from the Ministry of Livestock Development and Dairy Goat Association of Kenya (DGAK) to understand how the programme was implemented. Secondary information was obtained from the livestock offices both at the division and the district. The results of the study showed that the introduction of the dairy goats in Murang’a district had a positive economic impact to the concerned households and the district in general. However it was also found that, the goats required more labour input and this has increased the labour contribution of the household members even though the study revealed that women bore more of the increased workload. The increased value of the goats also made the men to increase their attention on the goats which was low with the local goats and this resulted to the men acquiring more access and control of the goats and other production resources and also the benefits from the goats. The women’s access and control of resources and benefits decreased as a result. The implementing organization, the MoALD did not conduct a gender needs analysis to understand the needs of the men and women in the district before embarking on the project and this may have contributed to the changes in gender labour division and, access to and control of resources. Thus the researcher recommends the MoALD and DGAK to carry out a gender impact assessment to address the problem of gender biases which have caused increased workload while their access and control of the accrued benefits has also decreased. Also in The organisations should also be undertaking a gender needs analysis before implementing any intervention in future. The implementing MoALD and DGAK staff need to be trained on gender so that they can be incorporating the gender issues when interacting the farmers.

Mots clés : goat keeping / gender relations / livestock farming / development programmes / kenya

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Page publiée le 22 janvier 2015, mise à jour le 14 octobre 2018