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Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2012)

Fruticultura, emprego e migração : o caso da região de Petrolinas-PE e Juazeiro-BA

Tomé Pereira Monica Aparecida

Titre : Fruticultura, emprego e migração : o caso da região de Petrolinas-PE e Juazeiro-BA

Fruits, employment and migration : the case of region of Petrolinas-PE and Juazeiro-BA

Auteur : Tomé Pereira Monica Aparecida

Université de soutenance  : Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Grade : Doutor em Demografia 2012

Résumé
This work refers to the relationship between demographic and economic dynamics in a dynamical subspace, consisting of municipalities that were the scene of governmental actions and strategies in a new perspective of the regional issue by the state, located in northeastern Brazil during the period between 1990 and 2000. The proposal was to analyze the socioeconomic and demographic subspace of the Northeast, considering the historical and economic structure of this dynamic area of training and the main functions performed by municipalities, based on the migration and evolution of employment in the region. The spatial scale of analysis is a region consisting of 16 municipalities, whose main cities are Petrolina - PE and Juazeiro - BA. The time frame set, starting in the 1990s and runs through mid-2000, and features before and after this period were intended to be incorporated into the background of the object in question, using the population census of 1970, 1980 and 2010, as well as information from the Annual Social Information - RAIS, General Registry of Employed and Unemployed - CAGED, and even the time series of the Municipal Agricultural Product - PAM. Importantly, the approach used in the study of historical and economic structure of this region has as background the results of the production process of devolution between the decade of 1970-90 at the national and, more specifically, the state of São Paulo. It is at this point that intensifies the actions and strategies that enabled the formation of dynamic areas in the Northeast of the country, as is the case of Petrolina and Juazeiro. From the analysis shows that these municipalities have, over the last four decades, major population and economic results, based on the main economic activity : the irrigated horticulture. The significant increase in population, with positive net migration during the period analyzed, the retention of the rural population in absolute and relative terms, the increase in participation in the international fruit market through exports, the expansion of jobs in the primary sector, with connections important in industry and especially in the service sector are some of the elements that have been captured

Mots clés : Frutas - Cultivo , Desenvolvimento regional - Brasil, Nordeste , Produtividade agricola - Brasil, Nordeste , Migração , Demografia - Fruit, Rural development, Productivity agricultural, Migration , Demography

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Page publiée le 6 février 2015, mise à jour le 15 juillet 2017