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Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (2009)

Térmitas como bioindicadores de qualidade de habitat na caatinga, Brasil : há uma sintonia entre as variáveis estruturais dos habitats e as taxocenoses amostradas ?

Alves, Wagner de França

Titre : Térmitas como bioindicadores de qualidade de habitat na caatinga, Brasil : há uma sintonia entre as variáveis estruturais dos habitats e as taxocenoses amostradas ?

Auteur : Alves, Wagner de França

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Grade : Mestrado em Biodiversidade ; Biologia Estrutural e Funcional 2009

Résumé
The composition of termite assemblages was analyzed at three Caatinga sites of the Seridó Ecological Station, located in the municipality of Serra Negra do Norte, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. These sites have been subjected to selective logging, and cleared for pasture and farming. A standardized sampling protocol for termite assemblages (30h/person/site) was conducted between September 2007 and February 2009. At each site we measured environmental variables, such as soil granulometry, pH and organic matter, necromass stock, vegetation height, tree density, stem diameter at ankle height (DAH) and the largest and the smallest crown width. Ten species of termites, belonging to eight genera and three families, were found at the three experimental sites. Four feeding-groups were sampled : wood-feeders, soil-feeders, wood-soil interface feeders and leaf-feeders. The wood-feeders were dominant in number of species and number of encounters at all sites. In general, the sites were not significantly different in relation to the environmental variables measured. The same pattern was observed for termite assemblages, where no significant differences in species richness, relative abundance and taxonomic and functional composition were observed between the three sites. The agreement between the composition of assemblages and environmental variables reinforces the potential of termites as biological indicators of habitat quality

Mots clés : Isoptera ; Semiárido ; Grupos alimentares ; Abundância ; Variáveis ambientais ;Isoptera; Semi-arid ; Feeding groups ; Abundance ; Environmental variables

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