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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Brésil → Combater as secas e defender as florestas a natureza nos desafios da ciência e da técnica para modernizar o Brasil (1889 a 1934)

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (2012)

Combater as secas e defender as florestas a natureza nos desafios da ciência e da técnica para modernizar o Brasil (1889 a 1934)

Nobre, Paulo José Lisboa

Titre : Combater as secas e defender as florestas a natureza nos desafios da ciência e da técnica para modernizar o Brasil (1889 a 1934)

Auteur : Nobre, Paulo José Lisboa

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte

Grade : Doutorado em Conforto no Ambiente Construído ; Forma Urbana e Habitação 2012

Résumé
In the first decades of 20th century the just instituted Brazilian Republic faced the challenge to modernize the country. Considering that the progress was associated with the exhaustion of the forest reserves and with climatic changes, two big issues were seen as fundamental : To Fight the Droughts and To Defend the Forests ; headed by professionals who were dedicated to these ideals. This research starts from the premise that these were the main challenges enforced by nature to the Brazilian development ; the general objective was delimited in the search to understand the meaning and the conception of the natural world by this group of professionals who faced the shock between modernizing the country and conserving its natural resources. Aiming to contribute with the construction of the Brazilian environmental history and to bring historical elements to the debate about the environment in the country, the author concentrates his attention to the analyses, the discussions and the actions that preceded the regulation on the use of natural resources and the implementation of the environmental legislation in Brazil, occurred in 1934. The investigation uses as methodological basis the theoretical directions of environmental history, using sources of data still little explored and valued. In such way, it is taken as starting point some published papers about this subject during the period between 1889 and 1934 in two technical magazines the Revista Brazil Ferro-Carril and the Revista do Club de Engenharia. National engineering played a basic role in this process while arguing, projecting and constructing the development. The formulated proposals, after being divulged, had fomented the interchange with other professionals and had favored the advance of ambient questions in Brazil, in the sense to preserve natural resources, to construct more harmonic relations between the society and the nature and to equate the development with the environment preservation

Mots clés : secas ;defesa florestal ;regulamentação dos recursos naturais ;revistas técnicas de engenharia ;debate ambiental ;região semiárida brasil ;droughts;forest defense ;natural resources regulation ;engineering technical magazines ;ambient debate ;brazilian semi-arid region

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Page publiée le 6 janvier 2015, mise à jour le 6 juillet 2017