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El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (2004)

Evaluación de criterios ecológicos en la arquitectura de las áreas naturales protegidas del desierto central de Baja California

Camberos Urbina, Alfonso

Titre : Evaluación de criterios ecológicos en la arquitectura de las áreas naturales protegidas del desierto central de Baja California

Auteur : Camberos Urbina, Alfonso

Université de soutenance : El Colegio de la Frontera Norte

Grade : Maestría en Administración Integral del Ambiente 2004

Résumé
It is qualified with ecological approaches to the constructions inside the arid ecosystems in the protected natural areas of Baja California ; since the application of these approaches represents an importat tool for the administration and the conservation in the protected natural areas. The objetive is to demostrate the advantages tath ofert the ecological projects conserving to the maximum the benefits of the habitual construction, what with allow carrying out fundamental changes before the approval of projects or reformations to the existent constructions. The evaluation was carried out between April and June of the 2004, registrering 17 samples of the four towns with more than 100 inhabitants of the Valle de los Crios ; two evaluation groups were designated with the purpose of confronting the results, the first group obeys the following restrictions : it belongs to a town inside some protected natural area, either private or governmental, with support functions for the community and it is located in an arid ecosystem or under condictions of aridity. The second group belongs to a protected natural area, either private or governmental, it applies ecological aproaches in the construction and it is in arid ecosystem or under conditions of aridity. The analysis consisted on four main groups of constructions associated to the grade of use of ecological approaches ; It was evident the low interest for communitarian house buildings with a minimum us of ecological criteria. Conversely, there is a private housing group having the bigger use of ecological criteria. The approaches were identifier dedicated to the supply of resources, energy and that of handling of residuals like the approaches fewer used, what implies considerable impacts in the supply of natural resources as the water, electricity generation and fossil fuels as well as an incorrect handling of residuals. On the base of the results and with the purpouse of integrating the population to a conservation politics and respect the desert ecosystems. It is considered convenient to recommend and intervention an support of the National Commission of Protected Natural Areas (CONANP) and the addresses of the Protected Natural Areas (ANP) in the adaptation of the community constructions, exhorting the use of ecological approaches in the housing, considering the constructions like a means of diffusion and it influences for the town

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Page publiée le 23 mai 2015, mise à jour le 9 août 2017