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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Argentine → Conocimiento hortícola y de recolección de recursos silvestres en comunidades rurales y semi-rurales del Noroeste de la Patagonia : Saber-cómo (know-how) y resiliencia

Universidad de Buenos Aires (2011)

Conocimiento hortícola y de recolección de recursos silvestres en comunidades rurales y semi-rurales del Noroeste de la Patagonia : Saber-cómo (know-how) y resiliencia

Eyssartier Cecilia

Titre : Conocimiento hortícola y de recolección de recursos silvestres en comunidades rurales y semi-rurales del Noroeste de la Patagonia : Saber-cómo (know-how) y resiliencia

Horticultural and gathering knowledge in rural and semi-rural communities of northwestern Patagonia : know-how and resilience

Auteur : Eyssartier, Cecilia

Université de soutenance : Universidad de Buenos Aires

Grade : Doctor Ciencias Biológicas 2011

Résumé
We investigated traditional ecological knowledge, related to horticultural and gathering practices, in four communities of Northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. As the activity of cultivating and gathering involves cognitive processes associated with perception-action patterns in intimate intricacy with dinamic ecological and socio-cultural contexts, we utilized the embodied cognition theory and resilient approach. By means of semi-structured interviews and field visits to the cultivated areas we analyzed floristic composition and structure of vegetable-gardens, greenhouses and gardens. We evaluated cultivated and gathered species, local names of plants, categories of use, seed origin, favourite crops, geographical origin, etc. Results showed that the inhabitants of isolated communities cultivate and gather a greater richness of plants using greater extensions of vegetable-gardens. In contrast, locals of semi-rural populations cultivate in greenhouses in a higher proportion using smaller vegetable-gardens. Moreover, the most isolated communities still maintain collection of seeds from their own production ; whereas in the closer population this custom seems to be abandoned as well as germplasm exchange. This study not only indicates that conspicuous western influence increases traditional ecological knowledge erosion, but also provides evidence showing how resilient mechanisms could be promoted. Given the profound changes these populations are undergoing, we consider that the frame theory of resilience and embodied cognition are interesting tools to illustrate the dynamic of these transformations.

Mots clés : horticultura ; recoleccion ; resiliencia ; cognicion corporizada ; patagonia ; horticulture ; gahtering practice ; resilience ; embodied cognition ; patagonia

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Page publiée le 24 janvier 2015, mise à jour le 3 juillet 2017