Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1983 → AGRICULTURAL AND SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN NUTRITION IN THE SEMI-ARID TROPICS OF INDIA

Cornell University (1983)

AGRICULTURAL AND SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN NUTRITION IN THE SEMI-ARID TROPICS OF INDIA

BIDINGER, PATRICIA DAY

Titre : AGRICULTURAL AND SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN NUTRITION IN THE SEMI-ARID TROPICS OF INDIA

Auteur : BIDINGER, PATRICIA DAY

Université de soutenance : Cornell University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1983

Résumé
The results of the present research emanate from a longitudinal study of determinants of nutrition in six villages in three agroclimatic zones in two states in peninsular India : Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Forty families in each village were randomly selected to represent ten landless laborers and thirty cultivators in three farm-size categories. The study was part of an on-going Village Level Studies of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) in Andhra Pradesh. The study focuses on the characteristics of each village, as well as on the food and nutrient intake, the food beliefs, the seasonal effects on energy intake, and on infant feeding practices. The nutritional status of the families is documented using anthropometric and clinical indices. Environmental health and intestinal parasitism are also examined. An analysis of determinants of energy intake and two anthropometric indices of children one through six years of age was undertaken. This used such factors as family energy demand, irrigation, caste, season, probability of the mothers employment in the labor market, assets, the presence in the family of a child caretaker, daily non-wage income, and dummy variables for each round of data collection and each village. The implications of the results for health, agriculture and development policy are discussed. The six study villages are characterized by low family assets, low income and large family size. The range of foods consumed was limited and consisted primarily of cereals. Severe undernutrition, malnutrition and growth retardation were prevalent among all age groups ; children and adolescents were most at risk. Female children, in general, were more retarded in growth than male children. Poor environmental health, sanitation and moderately high levels of intestinal parasitism placed yet another burden upon the participants. Regression analyses to determine significant factors responsible for energy intake, weight for height and weight for age, generally differed from village to village, thus highlighting the need for local and regional planning efforts to improve welfare. It was concluded that a variety of actions in agriculture, health

Proquest Dissertations & Theses

Page publiée le 14 février 2015, mise à jour le 26 décembre 2018