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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 2000 → A stakeholder approach to understanding the political ecology of urban water resource management in Gaborone, Botswana

University of Wales College of Cardiff (2000)

A stakeholder approach to understanding the political ecology of urban water resource management in Gaborone, Botswana

Toteng, E.N

Titre : A stakeholder approach to understanding the political ecology of urban water resource management in Gaborone, Botswana

Auteur : Toteng, E.N

Université de soutenance : University of Wales College of Cardiff

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2000

Résumé
The study examines the differences in roles and power of state and non-state stakeholders in the urban water management system in Gaborone, Botswana to determine how these affect water conservation. It assesses how the differences in decision making between the two sets of stakeholders in water management processes are shaped by policy and institutional factors, and how these influence water demand management practices.The theoretical framework hinges on the stakeholder theory, supplemented by political ecology, governance, and the urban ecosystems model. It helps explain complexities in harnessing multiple state and non-state actors with differential power in decision making and policy processes to work towards a common natural resource management objective - conservation of water in semi-arid context.A single multiple method case study design is adopted to triangulate evidence from a survey, qualitative interviews, focus group, and documentary analysis. The emphasis is on a qualitative explanation and understanding of water management as an environmental and social phenomenon rather than technical issue.The thesis is that even within Botswana, a celebrated stable multi-party liberal democracy example in Africa, there has been no democratisation of natural resource management such as water beyond state domination of non-state stakeholders. Major power differentials exists between state and non-state actors in decision making and policy processes in the urban water management system. These are reinforced by policy and institutional factors fostering water supply augmentation at the expense of resource-oriented stakeholder-based urban water management approach. The establishment of the latter approach in Botswana’s urban water management system is contingent on a partnership between the state and non-state stakeholders that minimises power differentials in decision making and policy processes that affect water conservation practices.The study contributes to the contemporary water management debate in that it systematically applies the stakeholder analytical approach in urban environmental and resource management studies.

Présentation (EThOS)

Page publiée le 6 février 2015, mise à jour le 9 janvier 2018