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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 2000 → Resource relations and degradation : a case study of the Dagaaba of Upper West Region, Ghana

University of Reading (2000)

Resource relations and degradation : a case study of the Dagaaba of Upper West Region, Ghana

Bakang, John-Eudes Andivi

Titre : Resource relations and degradation : a case study of the Dagaaba of Upper West Region, Ghana

Auteur : Bakang, John-Eudes Andivi

Université de soutenance : University of Reading

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2000

Résumé
Without an appreciation of resource relations in the context of co-evolutionary agricultural development, land tenure in particular would continue to be made a convenient scapegoat on which to blame resource degradation within indigenous agro-ecosystems. This study argues that while the role of external enables in the forms of extension and research provision for sustainable renewable natural resource (RNR) utilisation and management in particular has not been effective, the continued use of irrelevant ’western’ concepts to describe the dynamic traditional land tenure system obscures important RNR management problems associated with the dynamic ecology of semi-arid environments. Degradation has more to do with the fragile environment with which the resource users have to cope.The study covered the major traditional areas of the Dagaaba and concluded that RNRs are neither open-access nor subject to common property regimes, but rather ’private family property’ to which community access rights to some of the resources are allowed. Factors which combine to give the false impression that access to RNRs is open were identified. Traditional landholding ensured security of tenure, facilitated joint community action for sustainable resource utilisation and did not constrain individual investment in resource-conserving technologies.The need for political and institutional support to the traditional system towards conflict resolution in the emerging tenure evolution is paramount. A people-centred approach to agricultural services provision based on strategic participation of farmers in technology development, and a technology dissemination process that distinguishes technology in the context of extension provision and mobilises hitherto neglected local institutions and groups for decision-making and learning among farmers and communities is advocated. Identified issues for further research include farmers’ knowledge and practices about sustainable RNR utilisation and management, the biophysical effects of some interventions and changes in agricultural practices on the environment and their social implications on the evolving resource relations among the Dagaaba respectively

Présentation : EThOS

Accès au document : Proquest Dissertations & Theses

Page publiée le 5 février 2015, mise à jour le 6 février 2017