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Kongelige Veterinaer- og Landbohojskole (1993)

Markets, agriculture and adjustment in the Sahel : The political economy of cereals marketing and agrarian change in Burkina Faso

Speirs, Mike

Titre : Markets, agriculture and adjustment in the Sahel : The political economy of cereals marketing and agrarian change in Burkina Faso

Auteur : Speirs, Mike

Université de soutenance : Kongelige Veterinaer- og Landbohojskole (Denmark)

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1993

Résumé
During the 1980s, the revolutionary government of Burkina Faso attempted to shift the focus of economic development towards the agricultural sector, adopting a series of policies which resembled the structural adjustment packages promoted by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund in sub-Saharan Africa. Since food security and increasing the production and productivity of the agricultural sector are major policy issues in the Sahel, research was designed to investigate a range of social, economic, ecological and political factors which determine the outcome of agricultural policy changes. The dissertation examines the successes and failures of the adjustment strategy in Burkina Faso, concentrating on grain marketing and agricultural price policies at both national and regional (West African) levels. A number of hypotheses pertaining to agricultural sector reform were examined in the course of the research, notably the extent to which agricultural price policies and market liberalisation determine rural welfare and agricultural productivity. The study of policy changes in Burkina Faso illustrates the complexity of the "political economy of agrarian change", where government intervention in the cereals market has been limited by a powerful network of grain traders, but where peasant producers, organised in cereals bank cooperatives, have remained marginalised. The dynamics of these processes are explored in the dissertation, which concludes with a discussion of symbiotic relationships between the state and the private sector in future West African agricultural development.

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