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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1994 → Household income and agricultural strategies in the peri-urban zone of Bamako, Mali

State University of New York at Binghamton (1994)

Household income and agricultural strategies in the peri-urban zone of Bamako, Mali

Konate, Yacouba

Titre : Household income and agricultural strategies in the peri-urban zone of Bamako, Mali

Auteur : Konate, Yacouba

Université de soutenance : State University of New York at Binghamton

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1994

Résumé
This dissertation examines income-earning and agricultural strategies of households living in Kalabancoro zone, a Bamanan village 15 km southwest of the core of the city of Bamako, the capital of Mali, upstream along the Niger River. The population, predominantly farmers, used to grow vegetables and rice on the river borders and staple foods on rainfed fields. In recent years, the village has been literally invaded by the city of Bamako, provoking conflicts among people who need land for diverse uses such as dwellings, commercial enterprises, farming, and herding. The research focused on the range and types of economic activities that native inhabitants and those who migrated into the area are mixing to survive and/or to accumulate, with particular attention to how their differential access to land, labor, and capital affects the choices they make. It documented recent changes and new diversifications in the resource allocation practices of households, including their systems of production and the types of crops planted, that have occurred as a result of farmland shortages, and their increased involvement in the national and world market economies. By using an anthropological perspective to examine coping strategies of households living in Kalabancoro zone whose farmlands were consumed by the expansion of the City of Bamako, the research intended to contribute to a better understanding of the significance of peri-urban agriculture in the survival of the urban poor, especially in Africa. The specific questions investigated were : how do households cope with fluctuations and financial risk in the larger context of political, macroeconomic, and demographic changes ? What opportunities for, and constraints to employment exist ? Which strategies succeed or fail ? I used two concepts in responding to these questions : (1) "agrarian change in Africa" and (2) "household." Some of the main findings are : (1) the indigenous population’s farmland is being transferred to immigrant households, without bringing about any accumulation of wealth to the former ; (2) Migrants’ land is being used primarily not for agriculture, but for the construction of homes and rental houses ; (3) to survive, households combine dry season intensive horticulture, rainfed agriculture, and informal economic activities. Women are the first victims of land shortage and must rely on petty trade to make a living.

Mots clés : Cultural anthropology, Social sciences, Agricultural economics

Annonce (WorldCat)

Accès au document : Proquest Dissertations & Theses

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