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Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (1988)

Landscape planning objectives for developing the arid Middle East

Hamed, Safei-Eldeen A

Titre : Landscape planning objectives for developing the arid Middle East

Auteur : Hamed, Safei-Eldeen A

Université de soutenance : Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1988

Résumé
The purpose of this dissertation is to develop an approach which may aid decision-makers in the arid regions of the Middle East in formulating a comprehensive and operational set of landscape planning objectives. This purpose is sought through a dual approach ; the first deals with objectives as the cornerstone of the landscape planning process, and the second focuses on objectives as a significant element of regional development studies. The benefits of developing landscape planning objectives are discussed, and contextual, ethical, political, social, and procedural difficulties are examined. The relationship between setting public objectives and the rational planning process is surveyed and an iterative model of that process is suggested. Four models of setting public objectives are compared and comprehensive criteria for evaluating these and other ones are suggested. Three existing approaches to determining landscape planning objectives are described and analyzed. The first, i.e., the Problem-Focused Approach as suggested by Lynch is applied within the context of typical problems that challenge the common land uses in the arid Middle East. The second, i.e., the Inductive Approach, which is currently used by most landscape planners, is examined through studying five key development projects in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Egypt. The third, i.e., the Deductive Approach, is used as a foundation to a proposed Landscape Planning Objectives System (LAPOS). LAPOS consists of diverse activities with a common purpose : clarifying and quantifying objectives. Ranking objectives within LAPOS is based on the computation of a grand index for each objective. Computing a grand index encompasses measuring six dimensions for each objective, i.e., space, time, population, demand, marginality, and failure index.

Mots clés : Urban planning, Middle Eastern history, Environmental science, Health and environmental sciences, Social sciences, Area planning & development

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