Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Pays-Bas → 2007 → Econometric analyses of horticultural production and marketing in Central and Eastern Ethiopia

Wageningen Universiteit (2007)

Econometric analyses of horticultural production and marketing in Central and Eastern Ethiopia

Debello, M.J

Titre : Econometric analyses of horticultural production and marketing in Central and Eastern Ethiopia

Auteur : Debello, M.J

Université de soutenance : Wageningen Universiteit

Grade : PhD thesis 2007

Résumé
The central item of this research is to examine the development of less-favoured areas through commercializing small-scale agriculture that produces crops with export potential, particularly in horticulture.
First the role of horticulture, along with other non-traditional agricultural commodities, in stabilizing the export income of Ethiopia is analyzed using a portfolio approach. Next, farm household land and labour allocation decisions to cash and food crop production are investigated using household survey data collected from Central and Eastern Ethiopia. Using the same survey data, crop and market outlet choice interactions at household level are analyzed to examine the impact of institutional arrangements on agricultural commercialization. Finally, farmers’ bargaining power on tomatoes transacted at farm-gate under asymmetric price information is examined.
The study shows that horticultural products may stabilize export income at tbc macro-economic level and therefore it is worthwhile to explore the possibilities for growth of this sector. At household level, farm capital and motor pump ownership are the major elements, among others, influencing land and labour allocation decisions to cash crop production. For some cash crops, there is interdependence between the share of land allocated to a given crop and the share of the specific crop harvest sold at a farm-gate implying that institutional arrangements influence household crop choices and the level of commercialization. Results from the bargaining power analysis show that well informed farmers are more committed to their initial ask prices than other farmers during tomato price negotiations at a farm-gate. This implies that market price information enhances farmers’ bargaining power on prices.
In general, institutional arrangements that enhance small-scale farmers’ working capital, secure the existence of market outlets for vegetables and provide price information are needed to influence farm household land and labour allocation decisions towards cash crop production. The findings of this thesis help to understand the process of moving towards commercialized small-scale agriculture to bring rural development and better welfare to the rural poor and particularly for those living in less-favoured areas.

Mots clés : horticulture / vegetables / exports / commercial farming / farm income / agricultural production / marketing / economic analysis / food crops / cash crops / commodities / prices / small farms / ethiopia

Présentation

Texte intégral

Page publiée le 23 mars 2007, mise à jour le 3 juin 2022