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Accueil du site → Master → Israel → The quality of neighborhood public open spaces in cities of the coastal plain and northern Negev

Ben Gurion University of the Negev (2010)

The quality of neighborhood public open spaces in cities of the coastal plain and northern Negev

Zarchin, Inbal F.

Titre : The quality of neighborhood public open spaces in cities of the coastal plain and northern Negev

Auteur : Zarchin, Inbal F.

Université de soutenance : Ben Gurion University of the Negev

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2010

Résumé
Successful Public Open Space (POS) are an essential element contributing to quality of life. The quality of many Israeli POS is not really known. In some cities, and especially desert cities, it is common to see large, empty, undeveloped, and unused open spaces. Many of the designed open spaces seem unattractive and inappropriate for the characteristic of the local climate. Much of the literature that identifies successful POS factors concentrates on public’s perceptions of outdoor spaces. Several factors influence how people feel about the environment as a place to walk : context, site physical features, urban design qualities, individual reactions, and the presence of people and activities. This study explores the quality of neighborhood POS through a case study of three types of POS in four neighborhoods located in different climate zones : the coastal plain and northern Negev. People’s feelings of well-being are used as an indicator for quality of open spaces. Measures of POS physical features, microclimatic data and the number of people using the place are correlated with the perceived quality to suggest a pattern contributing to success or failure of POS in different climatic zones. Findings indicate that POS are generally perceived as positive places. POS in non-desert cities were perceived as better places than in desert cities. Significant relationships were found between people’s feelings and temperature, solar radiation, vegetation, maintenance, shaded park equipment and presence of people in POS. Temperature and solar radiation, shade, level of maintenance and the surrounding environment combine in a different pattern with the other factors to influence the quality of desert and nondesert POS. Our findings support the need to establish POS design standards that will be differentiated for each climatic region in Israel.

Mots clés : Public spaces — Israel— Arid regions Architecture and climate — Cities and towns — Environmental conditions —Human ecology

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