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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Pays-Bas → 2006 → Agriculture, resource management and institutions : a socioeconomic analysis of households in Tigray, Ethiopia

Wageningen Universiteit (2006)

Agriculture, resource management and institutions : a socioeconomic analysis of households in Tigray, Ethiopia

Tesfay, G.

Titre : Agriculture, resource management and institutions : a socioeconomic analysis of households in Tigray, Ethiopia

Auteur : Tesfay, G.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen Universiteit

Grade : PhD thesis 2006

Résumé
Empirical investigation of the impact of institutional and socioeconomic factors on agricultural productivity and natural resource conditions is important for an informed evaluation of current policies, and to identify areas for future improvements. In this line, the current study addresses three topics of relevance to the process of agricultural intensification and natural resource management in the context of the less-favoured Highlands of Tigray,Ethiopia. The first topic assesses the impact of land contracting, in the form of sharecropping, on plot level crop and land management input use and intensity of use decisions, and the efficiency of resource use by tenants on their own and on sharecropped-in plots. Controlling for other socio-economic and biophysical factors, contrary to the predictions of the Marshallin theory of sharecropping, the study finds no statistically significant impact of tenancy status on input use and resource use efficiency at plot level. The second topic focuses on understanding of farmers’ perceptions of rainfall-related production risk and uncertainty in the study area, and investigates how that influences their decisions on the intensity of plot level farm management input use and investment in land management. The findings show that farmers differ highly in their production risk perceptions even they face similar external circumstances and their socioeconomic features are found to account for such differences. Farm management input use and labour investment in land management by farmers did not show statistically significant associations with the risk perception of farm decision-makers. The third topic assesses the effectiveness of the household level labour quota system as a collective resource management institution employed in Tigray, and seeks to identify the household level factors that explain the degree of farmers’ (non)-compliance with the system. The results from this assessment indicate the need for adapting the system to the changing socioeconomic circumstances of the households, and creating functional decentralized systems of resource management, considering the economic objectives of the human element. Overall, farmers’ decisions on plot level farm management and investment for land improvement, and compliance with collective action institutions are influenced by their socioeconomic and institutional circumstances that require policy consideration. Therefore, policy interventions are necessary to alleviate major constraints for efficient resource use, create production risk management services, and promote self-sustaining systems of communal resource management in the region.

Mots clés : economic development / rural development / agriculture / resource management / socioeconomics / natural resources / productivity / land management / metayage / tenure systems / sustainability / ethiopia / institutional economics

Présentation

Texte intégral : Wageningen Dissertation

Page publiée le 23 mars 2007, mise à jour le 3 juin 2022