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Wageningen Universiteit (2003)

Understanding farmers : explaining soil and water conservation in Konso, Wolaita and Wello, Ethiopia

Beshah, T.

Titre : Understanding farmers : explaining soil and water conservation in Konso, Wolaita and Wello, Ethiopia

Auteur : Beshah, T.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen Universiteit

Grade : PhD thesis 2003

Présentation
Soil erosion by water is an old problem in Ethiopia. The prevalence of mountainous and undulating landscapes, coupled with the expansion of arable farming on steep areas due to population pressure have aggravated the soil erosion problem in the country.
Prompted by one of the great famines in the country in 1973, the international community and the Ethiopian government began to carry out massive conservation measures that covered extensive areas. Since then, the conservation movement has continued. Ethiopia’s major research partner in soil and water conservation was the Swiss-financed Soil Conservation Research Project that operated from 1981 to 1998. In spite of this project, farmers’ practices have not changed markedly nor have they adopted the introduced conservation practices.
This study was initiated to understand farmers’ soil and water conservation behaviour in order to improve insights into the land-management problems of the country. For this, farmers’ knowledge and attitudes on soil erosion and soil and water conservation were assessed to find out what influenced their soil and water conservation practices. Where applicable, farmers’ responses to interventions in soil and water conservation were examined. Finally, the determinants of soil and water conservation behaviours among farmers were identified. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to gather and analyse data.
The conceptual framework that guided this study was drawn from perspectives on land degradation and intensification, theories on planned change and development, farming systems, indigenous knowledge, and social learning, and from an attitude-behaviour model. Efforts were made to review empirical studies on determinants of soil and water conservation practices.
This study was carried out in three areas, namely, Konso, Wolaita and Wello. The first site provided the case of an indigenous soil and water conservation system, whereas the other two sites were intervention cases in which an intensive soil and water conservation research and extension programme was carried out for nearly two decades.

Mots clés : soil conservation / water conservation / farmers / farming systems

Présentation

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Page publiée le 24 mars 2007, mise à jour le 3 juin 2022