Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets 2013 → Support Delivery of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Services in Rural Mozambique through UNICEF

2013

Support Delivery of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Services in Rural Mozambique through UNICEF

Mozambique

Department for International Development UKAID

Titre : Support Delivery of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Services in Rural Mozambique through UNICEF

Pays : Mozambique

Numéro du projet : GB-1-204082

Organismes de mise en œuvre : United Nations Children’s Fund

Durée : 08 Aug 2013 - 31 Dec 2015

Présentation du projet
Access to water and sanitation in Mozambique has generally improved since 1990. Nonetheless, Mozambique is widely off track to meet MDG Target 7c . The latest UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) update for Water Supply and Sanitation estimates that water supply coverage was 47% of rural population and sanitation coverage was 19% in 2011 . The equivalent MDG targets for 2015 are 67% and 54.5%. At the current rate of progress, none of the targets above will be reached. JMP data also indicate that the situation is particularly bad in rural areas, where less than one in ten households uses a safe toilet .
There is good evidence that poor access to sanitation and safe water and lack of hygiene contribute to poor health and nutrition outcomes. The current poor access in Mozambique undermines national efforts to achieve related MDG targets in these areas . Globally, 19% of all under-5 child deaths are attributed to diarrhoeal disease, which is most often linked to inadequate access to safe water supplies, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) . These connections are critically important in Mozambique, where the under-5 mortality rate is 98/1000 ; and where 43% of children under 5 are severely or moderately stunted .
The Government of Mozambique (GoM) responded to this situation by establishing the National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Programme (PRONASAR) in 2010, made up of individual projects and supported through a Common Fund. DFID currently supports PRONASAR through a grant of twenty million GBP (£20m) over a period of 5 years under WASH programme ending in March 2015.
In light of these contraints, in 2013 DFID initiated the UNICEF WASH intervention to accelerate progress in improving rural sanitation and safe water supply. The programme consists of two components in four provinces namely Zambezia, Sofala, Manica and Tete with a total budget of £2.85 million over a period of two years. The first comprises of one-off, short-term support providing access to improved sanitation for an additional 225,000 people and access to safe water supplies for 39,000 people in rural areas by 31 March 2015. The second component aims to strengthen the technical capacity of government officials implementing PRONASAR in targeted districts and provinces, for improved delivery with a focus on sanitation and hygiene.

Expected Results
* Impact : The impact of the project is improved health and time saved for economic opportunities, for people in targeted rural districts.
* Outcome  : The outcome of the project is the increased use of improved sanitation and safe water supplies, and improved hygiene practices in targeted rural districts, including : • Increased access to improved household toilets and hygiene promotion for 225,000 people ; • Increased access to new protected water supplies for 39,000 people ; • Appropriate school WASH facilities, and capacity to sustain them and to promote sanitation and hygiene in the school and in local communities, established in 20 primary schools, benefiting 7,000 students ; • District and Provincial authorities strengthened and capacity built to develop plans, emphasising the importance of sanitation and hygiene, targeting the poor and reflecting best practice and lessons learnt from large rural WASH programmes.

All these results will be attributed to DFID’s Operational Plan Headline Results

Project budget : £4,000,000

UKAID

Page publiée le 6 mai 2015, mise à jour le 15 mai 2019