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Wageningen Universiteit (2002)

Traditional African plant products to protect stored cowpeas against insect damage : the batt le against the beetle

Boeke, S.J.

Titre : Traditional African plant products to protect stored cowpeas against insect damage : the batt le against the beetle

Auteur : Boeke, S.J.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen Universiteit

Grade : PhD thesis 2002

Résumé
Seeds of the cowpea plant, Vigna unguiculata , a tropical crop, are very susceptible to attack by the cowpea beetle. This specialist beetle needs only the beans to reproduce rapidly.
Most farmers in West Africa have few possibilities to treat the beans and they face their stored supply, on which they are dependent for their daily nourishment, be destroyed within a few months. From lack of other measures, these farmers traditionally used plants, stored together with the beans for protection. In the laboratory, such plants have been tested as powders and as extract for their effect against the beetle. Side effects on natural enemies of the beetle have also been tested for and in a review of the literature, effects on humans have been investigated. Together with the results from a field test in Africa, this gives a picture of the potency of local means to protect stored seeds against insects.

Mots clés : vigna unguiculata / cowpeas / callosobruchus maculatus / stored products pests / botanical insecticides / insecticidal plants

Présentation

Page publiée le 24 mars 2007, mise à jour le 3 juin 2022