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2009

National Area-Based Development Programme (NABDP) Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Titre : National Area-Based Development Programme (NABDP) Afghanistan

Pays : Afghanistan

Durée : 2009-2015

Domaine d’intervention : Poverty Reduction

Agence d’exécution : Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development

Partenaires : Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Public Health and the Independent Directorate for Local Governance

Contexte _Agriculture has traditionally been the major source of income for the majority of the Afghan population, but the sector has suffered greatly from nearly 30 years of conflict, low investments and natural disasters. Much infrastructure remains to be reconstructed and internal markets are still disrupted.
About 70 percent of the Afghan population lives in rural areas. Around 60 percent of the employed workforce is in agriculture working in low-productivity and subsistence-type production. About 45 percent of rural people are poor, as compared to 27 percent of the urban population. _A basic lack of resources affects the majority of Afghans who depend on agriculture for their livelihood. There is little arable land, precipitation is scarce and climatic conditions are difficult in many parts of the country. Since 1999, recurrent droughts have severely affected the livelihoods of rural households, which had already lost many of their assets. Poverty rates in areas without irrigation are likely to be higher, with 65 percent households facing food insecurity.
Only six percent of Afghans have access to electricity grid with the majority of the population dependent on unhealthy alternatives such as kerosene, or environmentally detrimental solutions such as firewood.

Programme
Achieving a significant reduction in poverty in Afghanistan requires a strong focus on agriculture and rural employment generation, the promotion of sustainable livelihoods and the development of rural infrastructure.
The National Area-Based Development Programme (NABDP) is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and UNDP.
It was launched in 2002 to contribute to a sustainable reduction of poverty and an improvement of livelihoods in rural Afghanistan by investing in social organization, infrastructure, local economic development and sub-national governance initiatives.
The programme operates in all 34 provinces of Afghanistan with projects in 317 of the 402 districts. In the past 11 years, it has implemented more than 3,800 projects reaching about 24.5 million beneficiaries. NABDP works closely with rural communities to develop and strengthen governance at the district level.

Donneurs : Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Spain, UNHCR
Budget (Phase III) : US$ 294,666,069

PNUD Afghanistan

Page publiée le 12 mai 2015, mise à jour le 13 mai 2019