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Strengthening the Capacity of the Water Resources Department (Eritrea)


Titre : Strengthening the Capacity of the Water Resources Department (Eritrea)

Pays : Eritrea

Durée : 2011 – 2014

Partenaires : Ministry of Land, Water and Environment

Eritrea as part of the arid and semi-arid Sahelian region of Africa is not adequately endowed with water resources. Its rainfall patterns are generally low in extent and erratic in nature. Besides, the country has been also prone to cyclic/recurrent droughts affecting the water resource bases of the country. On top of the prevailing natural obstructions, existing water use and management practices are not efficient often characterized by poor institutional and sectoral capacity, inadequate societal awareness, uncoordinated land use systems, etc.

Despite Eritrea’s heavy reliance on surface and ground water resources for most socioeconomic sectors, knowledge base of water resources is limited to serve as inputs for sustainable management of the water resources. Apart from the 1998 limited scope sector study on ‘National Water Resources and Irrigation potential Project’ no large scale water resources potential related assessment has ever been undertaken at a national level. Besides the lack of full information on ground water and surface water potentials, the risk of mismanagement is further magnified with the lack of any institutionalized regular quantitative/qualitative monitoring system in place.

As outlined under the list of the national IWRM plan priorities, the envisaged ‘Capacity Building Project’ will address some of the key human and institutional capacity limitations of the Water Resources Department thus improve the DOW’s capacity to plan, develop, monitor and sustainably manage the water resources. The project will contribute in transforming the human and institutional capacities of the Department to enhance its knowledge base on existing water resources.

At the same time, with the existing low level of quality assurance facilities, rapid urbanization, discharge of hazardous wastes and fast growing population, efforts will be made to upgrade the DOW’s laboratory to ensure safe water supply to the general public at national and local levels. In summary, under the boarder objective of capacity development therefore, the project will deliver the intended results under the three outcomes of : (i.) Knowledge base of existing water resources improved and efficiency, effectiveness and sustainable water resources management fostered ; (ii.) National capacity to collect, store, process, monitor and disseminate hydro meteorological and hydrological information strengthened ; and (iii.) National capacity to test hazardous pollutants and to ensure sector based safe water quality is enhanced.

Financement : $1,706,210 USD

Présentation du projet sur le site PNUD Erythrée

Page publiée le 7 juin 2015, mise à jour le 1er août 2022