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2012

Establishment of Climate-Resilient Rural Livelihoods (Mongolia)

Mongolie

Titre : Establishment of Climate-Resilient Rural Livelihoods (Mongolia)

Pays : Mongolie

Code projet : 45145-001

Secteur : Land-based natural resources management

Date approbation : 08 Jun 2012

Description
ADB has been assisting in agriculture, natural resources management, and rural development of Mongolia since 1996. This proposed assistance will help herders, the most vulnerable group affected by the climate change to (i) strengthen their preparedness for recurrent dzud, and (ii) rehabilitate and/or improve their livelihoods. Lessons learned from the ongoing JFPR 9124-MON, which are relevant to the proposed assistance, will be incorporated in the design, implementation arrangements, and implementation schedule of the proposed project. The proposed project will target livelihood improvement of herders, who are largely poor and vulnerable, by ensuring sustainable pasture management, which accounts for about 72.3% of the national land area. It will support the objectives of the National Mongolian Livestock Program 2010 2015, which aims at developing a livestock sector that is resilient to climate change, conductive to social development, and economically viable. The proposed assistance will promote a holistic approach to sustainable herding and livelihood diversification in candidate project soums, namely, Buutsagaan, Khureemarel, and Dzag in Bayanhongor Aimag. For both activities, smooth formation of HGOs is crucial. Sustainable herding will comprise collective pasture management, water point management, hay preparation, and management of herd sizes through effective marketing. The proposed assistance will also provide HGOs with opportunities for value-added activities, and other income-generating activities to help them diversify their income sources. Income diversification is considered as a means of climate change adaptation by lessening their reliance on the weather-sensitive herding. Adjacent soums are preferred for smooth coordination among soums for pasture management, and thorough monitoring by the project management unit (PMU).

Type or Modality of Assistance : Grant

Asian Development Bank

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