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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D) 2003

Developing crop protection research promotion strategies for semi-arid East Africa (Kenya and Tanzania)

Crop Protection Semi-Arid

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Developing crop protection research promotion strategies for semi-arid East Africa (Kenya and Tanzania)

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R8349

DFID Programme : Crop Protection

Organismes de mise en œuvre
Lead Institutes : Natural Resources Institute (NRI)
Managing Institutes : Natural Resources International Limited (NRIL)
Collaborating Institutes : INADES Formation Tanzania ; KARI Katumani ; Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kisii (KARI)

Durée : 01-08-2003 / 30-03-2005

Objectifs
To improve mechanisms for updating farmer and extension agency demand for crop protection outputs for the semi-arid areas and for providing feedback on research products ; to improve access by extension service providers to crop protection research outputs ; to pilot effective methods for delivery of crop protection research outputs (pest management information and resistant varieties) to farmers ; and to identify key policy/institutional lessons about effective promotion of crop protection research outputs in semi-arid areas and document policy implications.
The project will be implemented in semi-arid East Africa, where there is a high incidence of poverty. People derive their livelihoods in a risky agro-ecological environment where rainfall is low and unreliable and access to social and economic infrastructure and services is limited. More people are moving into these areas from the crowded higher potential areas, and agriculture plays a key role in people’s livelihoods, although households are engaged in multiple strategies including agricultural intensification and extensification, diversification and seasonal migration. Women are playing an increasingly central role in agriculture and crops are central to household food security, but can also be an important source of income. Pests (pre- and post-harvest) are a major problem in semi-arid areas, increasing vulnerability. Although people have developed generally low external input coping strategies to address some pest management problems, many widespread constraints, eg : Striga, go uncontrolled. Studies undertaken by previous CPP projects (e.g. R7564 in Tanzania) have demonstrated that current levels of scientific knowledge and awareness of crop pests and their management is generally low, particularly among the staff of extension providers, and also among much of the farming population. This presents a significant promotional opportunity, as the demand for such knowledge has been found to be high during initial consultations with in-country stakeholders. Ineffective communication between research institutions (including promotion of their CP research findings) and their partner organisations/target institutions, and limited uptake of these by target institutions and farmers were a key issue identified in the recent CPP review of uptake in semi-arid areas of East Africa. The same review identified crop protection constraints as an important factor increasing vulnerability and household food and seed insecurity and limiting cash earning opportunities in semi-arid areas. The demand for crop protection information was clearly articulated by staff from the agencies involved in agricultural extension and development activities, based on requests by farmers for assistance in this area.

Total Cost to DFID : £193,542

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 17 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 31 octobre 2017