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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D) 2002

Second order water scarcity in Southern Africa

Water Scarcity

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Second order water scarcity in Southern Africa

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R8158

DFID Programme : Water

Organismes de mise en œuvre
Joint Financiers : Thames Water
Lead Institutes : Water Resource Systems Research Laboratory, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Managing Institutes : University of Newcastle Upon Tyne ; Water Resource Systems Research Laboratory, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Collaborating Institutes : African Water Issues Research Unit, University of Pretoria ; CSIR Environmentek South Africa (CSIR) ; Thames Water

Durée : 01-10-2002 / 01-09-2006

Objectifs
Water policies and practices, promoting water development projects which build on existing formal and informal social control over water management, without exacerbating existing conflicts among participants involved in existing competition over water.
The water law put out by the national government rarely corresponds to the law and regulations implemented on the ground, locally. This means that many institutions that do not appear in any government document concerning water management, actually play a crucial role in determining water access, water use and water allocation. This has generated second order water scarcity in Southern Africa, ie : a lack of social and political adaptive capacity to manage water successfully to the satisfaction of all. The paucity of knowledge concerning this has prevented people involved in water development from improving their strategies in order to reduce this second order water scarcity. Instead, water development projects have kept focusing on first order water scarcity, ie : the lack of resource itself. Most often, these developments have had limited effect because of the rampant second order scarcity. This project will investigate the problems surrounding water access, water use and water allocation. It will identify the relations of co-operation, competition and conflict existing among the various people that deploy their strategies over a local scale, a national scale or a global scale. The relations of co-operation identified can be perceived as an asset that can be built on in order to develop successful water management. The relations of competition can be perceived as crucial interactions that can be changed into occasions of co-operation. Finally, the conflict relations can be reduced. This research is useful for water development in Southern Africa. But the methodology it is devising is useful for water development in most arid situations around the world. Research will be carried out simultaneously in South Africa and in Zambia. Zambia is much less water stressed than South Africa, so developing the research over both countries will allow production of a methodology that is valuable for a wide range of water stress situations

Total Cost to DFID : £259,686

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 22 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 30 octobre 2017