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2010

Agrobiodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation Project (Yemen)

Yemen

Pays : Yemen

Localisation  : Governatores of Al Mahweet, Sana’a, Ibb and Taiz, covering the districts Alrogm, Almahweet, Blad Alros, Bani Matter, Alsadah, Badan, Saber and Almoasat, Highlands of Yemen

Durée : 2010 - 2014

Descriptif

In Yemen rainfed agriculture is the primary source of livelihood and food security, especially for the rural poor in the highlands. Nearly 74 % of the population is directly or indirectly involved in agriculture. Increasing the efficiency of rainfed agriculture is one of the main strategies addressed by the governmental Socioeconomic Development Plan for Poverty Reduction (SDPPR). In the events of climate change rainfed agriculture is highly vulnerable. The projections point out increasing temperatures, uncertain rainfall patterns and more variable precipitation, leading to production losses and higher crop failure risks. In the past the communities’ ability to adapt to changing climatic conditions was based on the agrobiodiversity (e.g sorghum, barley, chick pea, wild species) of the highlands and the traditional knowledge about water harvesting and storage or terrace construction. With systematic documentation and testing for climate resilience, these agrobiodiversity resources and the traditional knowledge have the potential to ‘climate proof’ rain-fed agriculture in the future. However, traditional knowledge is gradually lost while the farmers start adopting more modern agricultural practices. Therefore it is essential to know the scenarios for Yemen by developing national capacity in climate data collection and analysis. The two main fields the project is working on are the conservation of agrobiodiversity and the enhancement of national climate analysis capacity. The project pilots and tests the design of improved coping strategies through the use and conservation of agrobiodiversity resources in the rainfed highlands.

Objectif

The project development objectives are the following : •The enhancement of the capacity and awareness at key national agencies and at local levels in order to respond to climate variability and change. •The equipping of local communities to cope with climate change through the conservation and use of agro-biodiversity. •The aim is to prepare inventories of land races and other crops and develop vulnerability profiles of selected land races. •The development of a strategic approach to integrate climate change into rainfed agriculture.

Résultats attendus

Organismes impliqués : •Government of Yemen •Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation •World Bank •Community cooperatives •Water User Associations (WUA)

Lien vers la présentation du projet sur le site : World Farmers Organisation

Page publiée le 2 juin 2015