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Commission Européenne (CORDIS) 2012

CASCADE CAtastrophic Shifts in drylands : how CAn we prevent ecosystem DEgradation ?

Degradation Drylands

CORDIS (Service Communautaire d’Information sur la Recherche et le Développement) Commission Européenne

Titre : CASCADE CAtastrophic Shifts in drylands : how CAn we prevent ecosystem DEgradation ?

Région : Dryland

Code du projet : 283068 FP7-ENVIRONMENT

Durée : From 2012-01-01 to 2017-06-30

Descriptif
The aim of CASCADE is to obtain a better understanding of sudden ecosystem shifts that may lead to major losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services, and to define measures that can be used to prevent such shifts. The focus of CASCADE is explicitly on drylands as being one of the most fragile and threatened ecosystems in Europe. CASCADE will investigate the historical evolution of dryland ecosystems in six Mediterranean study sites, and improve understanding of the biogeochemical mechanisms underlying sudden and catastrophic shifts through a combination of experimentation and modeling. Experiments in laboratory and field will be used to assess the biogeochemical processes that are thought to underlie regime shifts in drylands, to study the interplay between competition and facilitation, and to assess the effects of biotic and abiotic processes on vegetation structure and composition. Field surveys will identify changes in ecosystem structure and functions that indicate approaching or crossing of tipping points, link these findings to experimental results, and assess potentials for restoration. Models will be developed to describe regime shifts in the studied drylands in terms of changes in vegetation composition, abundance and spatial patterning. Based on both experimentation and modelling, CASCADE will develop management schemes for sustainable resource use and conservation of ecosystem services. By combining physical with socio-economic modeling, measures will be defined that work from an ecological as well as a socio-economic perspective. The results of CASCADE will be made accessible to natural resource and biodiversity managers, policy makers, and other audiences, using a variety of dissemination methods such as reports, booklets, newsletters, meetings, videos, and TV. All project results and recommendations will be stored and made accessible to the public by developing a web-based harmonized CASCADE information system (CASCADIS)."

Participants au projet
Coordinateur : WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITEIT (Netherlands)
Participants : THE RESEARCH COMMITTEE OF THE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF CRETE Greece ; UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELLA BASILICATA Italy ; CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS) France ; UNIVERSIDAD DE ALICANTE Spain ; UNIVERSIDADE DE AVEIRO Portugal ; FONDAZIONE PER LO SVILUPPO SOSTENIBILE DEL MEDITERRANEO Italy ; UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS United Kingdom UNIVERSITAET BERN Switzerland ; UNIVERSITEIT UTRECHT Netherlands ; JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION Belgium ; CYPRUS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Cyprus ; STICHTING DIENST LANDBOUWKUNDIG ONDERZOEK Netherlands ; FUNDACION CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS AMBIENTALES DEL MEDITERRANEO Spain ; UNIVERSITAT DE BARCELONA Spain

Budget
Coût total : EUR 7 715 999,8
Contribution UE :  : EUR 5 889 999,15

Présentation : Commission Européenne

Page publiée le 2 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 14 novembre 2017