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Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets de recherche pour le Développement → 2010 → DESERTSTORMS Towards an Improved Representation of Meteorological Processes in Models of Mineral Dust Emission

Commission Européenne (CORDIS) 2010

DESERTSTORMS Towards an Improved Representation of Meteorological Processes in Models of Mineral Dust Emission

Meteorology Dust Emission

CORDIS (Service Communautaire d’Information sur la Recherche et le Développement) Commission Européenne

Titre : DESERTSTORMS Towards an Improved Representation of Meteorological Processes in Models of Mineral Dust Emission

Région : Dryland

Code du projet :

Durée : From 2010-10-01 to 2015-09-30

Descriptif
This project aims at revolutionizing the way the emission of mineral dust from natural soils is treated in numerical models of the Earth system. Dust significantly affects weather and climate through its influences on radiation, cloud microphysics, atmospheric chemistry and the carbon cycle via the fertilization of ecosystems. To date, quantitative estimates of dust emission and deposition are highly uncertain. This is largely due to the strongly nonlinear dependence of emissions on peak winds, which are often underestimated in models and analysis data. The core objective of this project is therefore to explore ways of better representing crucial meteorological processes such as daytime downward mixing of momentum from nocturnal low-level jets, convective cold pools and small-scale dust devils and plumes in models. To achieve this, we shall undertake (A) a detailed analysis of observations including station data, measurements from recent field campaigns, analysis data and novel satellite products, (B) a comprehensive comparison between output from a wide range of global and regional dust models, and (C) extensive sensitivity studies with regional and large-eddy simulation models in realistic and idealized set-ups to explore effects of resolution and model physics. In contrast to previous studies, all evaluations will be made on a process level concentrating on specific meteorological phenomena. Main deliverables are guidelines for optimal model configurations and novel parameterizations that link gridscale quantities with probabilities of winds exceeding a given threshold within the gridbox. The results will substantially advance our quantitative understanding of the global dust cycle and reduce uncertainties in predicting climate, weather and impacts on human health."

Participants au projet : Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie ; UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS

Budget
Coût total : EUR 1 355 024,8
Contribution UE :  : EUR 1 355 024,8

Présentation : Commission Européenne

Page publiée le 4 septembre 2015, mise à jour le 8 novembre 2017