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UKAID Department for International Development (R4D) 2000

Common pool resources in semi-arid India - dynamics, management and livelihood contributions

Pool Resources Semi-arid

UKAID Department for International Development (R4D)

Titre : Common pool resources in semi-arid India - dynamics, management and livelihood contributions

Projet de recherche pour le Développement : R7877

DFID Programme : Natural Resources Systems Programme

Organismes de mise en œuvre
Lead Institutes : Natural Resources Institute (NRI)
Managing Institutes : HTSPE Limited
Collaborating Institutes : Aga Khan Rural Support Programme ; Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, India ; Centre for World Solidarity ; Department of Resource Development, Michigan State University ; Water Resources Management Ltd

Durée : 13-11-2000 à 12-11-2001

Présentation
Historically, Common Pool Resources (CPR) have made a substantial contribution to the livelihoods of rural poor people, particularly small and marginal farmers and landless labourers, especially women. This is particularly so during periods of drought, because CPR provide a cushioning mechanism through the supply of fodder, minor forest products, etc. Various socio-economic and political factors have led to the decline of CPR in terms of extent, productivity and diversity. The breakdown of traditional management institutions has resulted in loss of access to common lands by the rural poor. At the same time, large-scale watershed development initiatives have generated new forms of common property, particularly related to augmented water supply, and they require appropriate management regimes for sustained and equitable use. Despite widespread difficulty, there are success stories in managing the commons, often characterised by innovative social arrangements (including privatisation and lease arrangements). It is important to understand these arrangements and the factors that enable them to succeed, so that lessons can be learned and applied on a large scale.

Objectifs
To influence decision-makers by providing them with the knowledge required to understand the dependence of poor communities on common pool resources in semi-arid India, and the policy implications of this dependence in view of pressures on Common Pool Resources (CPR) and constraints to their sustainable and equitable management.

Total Cost to DFID : £107,333

Présentation : UKAID

Page publiée le 16 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 29 octobre 2017