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Commission Européenne (CORDIS) 1998

Interaction between migration, land and water management and resource exploitation in the oasis of the Maghreb

Migration Oasis Maghreb

CORDIS (Service Communautaire d’Information sur la Recherche et le Développement) Commission Européenne

Titre : Interaction between migration, land and water management and resource exploitation in the oasis of the Maghreb

Région : Maghreb

Code du projet : IC18970134 FP4-INCO

Durée : From 1998-03-01 to 2001-02-28

Descriptif
By identifying the main obstacles for investments in agricultural development and for sustainable land & water management, this interdisciplinary project should be able to identify the enabling conditions for successful promotion of a sustainable agricultural development of the region as well as for the struggle against desertification, which also contributes to the reduction of out-migration.
The project concerns a comparative and interdisciplinary research in four oases in Southern Morocco and Tunisia. It will study the differentiated impact of migration and concomitant socio-economic changes on land & water management and resource exploitation in dryland oases and, consequently, its ecological consequences.

The five work packages are :
* Quantitative socio-economic survey on household level, focusing on demographic structure of the household, migration characteristics, activity patterns, income characteristics and investment patterns, as well as the agricultural exploitation. The impact of migration on decision-making related to resource exploitation among non-migrant groups will be equally studied.
* Integrated socio-economic interviews with peasants on plot level, focusing on actual land use, irrigation patterns, and land & water conservation measures. In particular on this level the interdisciplinary nature of the research will be realised, by explicitly studying the interaction between socio-economic characteristics and land and water use patterns.
* General ecological evaluation of the bio-physical environment, comprising climate assessment, assessment of water resources (water quality and quantity), and soil degradation / desertification assessment, through the mapping of land properties (soil, vegetation and land use). The study will apply and develop models of soil degradation (mainly physical and biological degradation, salinization, and wind and water erosion) adapted to oasis environments.
* Survey on oasis level of the agricultural and hydrological system. This general survey focuses on the collective aspects of land & water management on oasis level, especially concerning the irrigation system and collective soil and water conservation practices.
* Theoretical modelling. Based on models developed from the scientific literature, previous research experiences, and the research results, data from all the following work packages will be integrated and hypotheses tested, in order to identify the enabling conditions for sustainable agricultural development in oases

Participants au projet
Coordinateur : Universiteit van Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Participants : CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS Spain ; Institut des Regions Arides Medenine Tunisia ; Universite Mohammed I Morocco ; Université Mohammed V Morocco

Présentation : Commission Européenne

Page publiée le 21 octobre 2015, mise à jour le 27 octobre 2017