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2011

An integrated cereal-livestock-tree system for sustainable land use and improved livelihoods of smallholder farmers in the Sahel (CerLiveTreeS)

Sahel (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Mali, Niger and Senegal)

Titre : An integrated cereal-livestock-tree system for sustainable land use and improved livelihoods of smallholder farmers in the Sahel (CerLiveTreeS)

Région : Sahel (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Mali, Niger and Senegal)

Durée : 3 years from 1 June 2011 to May 2014

Contexte
A mixed farming system is common to the Sahel region, which, regrettably, is characterized by very low productivity. Some of the causes of this are : inherently low soil fertility, soil degradation due to nutrient and organic matter (OM) depletion, and recurrent droughts exacerbated by erratic rainfall and climate variability. Along with these problems, crops and livestock are not well integrated in most of these systems, which results in inefficient nutrient management. A mixed farming system is common to the Sahel region, which, regrettably, is characterized by very low productivity. Some of the causes of this are : inherently low soil fertility, soil degradation due to nutrient and organic matter (OM) depletion, and recurrent droughts exacerbated by erratic rainfall and climate variability. Along with these problems, crops and livestock are not well integrated in most of these systems, which results in inefficient nutrient management. The project was obtained as response to the CORAF/WECARD CGS Call on Mixed Farming Systems Research and Development and funded within the AusAID/CSIRO-CORAF/WECARD partnership.

Présentation
The project aims at improving integrated cereal-livestock-tree systems and livelihoods of smallholder farmers through sustainable land use management in the Sahel in the context of agricultural land degradation and climate change. The project focus on (1) optimizing and evaluating synergetic interventions in semi-arid of West and Central Africa Crop-Livestock-Trees production systems to enhance productivity, livelihoods and sustainability under changing climate ; testing APSIM and WaNuLCAS models to predict improvements to semi-arid Crop-Livestock-Trees systems ; (3) strengthening capacity of key stakeholders and (4) develop awareness among policy makers and development actors, and establish market linkages. Five sites ranging from semi-arid to sub-humid agroecosystems of West and Central Africa, namely Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal and Cameroon have been chosen covering a rainfall gradient ranging from 500 to 1100 mm rainfall.

Coordination : Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN),

Partenaires : Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER), Mali ; Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRAN), Niger ; Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Burkina Faso ; Institut Sénégalais de Recherche Agricole (ISRA), Sénégal ; Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement (IRAD), Cameroun ; International CropsResearch Institute for the Semi-AridTropics (ICRISAT), West Africa Regional ; International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), West Africa Region ; World Agroforestry Centre, West and Central Africa Region (ICRAF-WCA/Sahel)

Financement : AusAID/CSIRO-CORAF/WECARD

World Agroforestry Centre

Page publiée le 7 août 2015, mise à jour le 13 juillet 2018